concentrates on patterns of human activity and on their relationships with the environment.
the study of physical features of the earth's surface
exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates
the position of a place in relation to another place
An intellectual framework that looks at the particular locations of specific phenomena, how and why that phenomena is where it is, and, finally, how it is spatially related to phenomena in other places.
a diagrammatic representation of the earth's surface (or part of it)
An internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located.
the spatial property of being scattered about over an area or volume
graphical representation (in polar or cartesian coordinates) of the spatial distribution of radiation from an antenna as a function of angle
An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
Functional (nodal) region
a region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it
Perceptual (vernacular) region
A region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as a physically demarcated entity.
A method of collecting data or information through the use of instruments that are physically distant from the area or object of study.
Geographic Information Systems
A collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user.
the property of being diffused or dispersed
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
the spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another
the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend
A near equal exchange of culture traits or customs
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
the term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other
the view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
the spread of cultural elements from one society to another
the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape
a center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
A related set of culture traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.
A cluster of regions in which related culture systems prevail.
an area in which people have many shared culture traits
A collection of interacting elements taken together shape a group's collective identity. Includes traits, territorial affiliation, shared history, and more complex elements, like language
The notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape.
Cultural traits such as dress modes, dwellings, traditions, and institutions of usually small, traditional communities.
cultural patterns that are widespread among a society's population
The process through which something is given monetary value; occurs when a good or idea that previously was not regarded as an object to be bought and sold is turned into something that has a particular price and that can be traded in a market economy.