General Introduction to HIstorical Vocab.

58 terms by jessathurman 

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Abolitionism

Belief that slavery should be abolished (made illegal)

Ad hoc

concerned or dealing with a specific subject or purpose for a temporary and/or specified span of time

Alliance

a formal agreement or treaty between two or more nations to cooperater for specific purposes

Anarchy

a state of society without governement or law

Ancient

the time period from approximately 5000 BC to CE 500

Annexation

government or state action whereby territory is added from another state

Anti-Semitism

hostility toward or discrimination against Jews

Aristocracy

a class of persons holding exceptional rank and privleges, especially if acuired through inheritance(money)

Armistice

an agreement between opposing armies to suspend hostilites in order to discuss peace terms (just stop fighting)

Autocrat

ruler with unlimited governing power

Bias

a preference that prevents someone from being impartial; prejudice

Boycott

a means of protest based on the refusal to buy goods or services

Capital

(economically) assest available for investment

Capitalism

an economic system shereby investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations

Colony

any people or territory separated from but subject to a ruling power

Communism

an economic and political system in which all means of production arwe owned by the state and whereby there is only one political party in power

Contemporary

from a historical perspective, this refers to the present time period during the lifetime of those now living

Culture

knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people

Demagogue

charismatic leader who manipulates people through rhetoric consisting of scare tactics, half-truths, and false promises

Democracy

a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electorial system

Disarmament

the reduction / elimination of armed forces and weapons of war

Dissident

a person who opposes the established government

Dynasty

a hereditary sequence of rulers from the same family

Emancipation

act of freeing an individual from a state of involuntary servitude

Ethics

the standards or codes of moral behavior that distinguished between right and wrong for a specific group of culture

Federal Government

government by which the national and state governments share power and authority

Hierarchy

a system consisting of several layers whereby each level has power over or is superior to the system below it

Immigration

the act of leaving another country permanetly with the goal of permanent settlement

Emigration

the act of leaving one's home country permanetly

Imperialism

the policy of extending rule or authority of an empire or nation over forgeign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies

Isolationism

policy or belief that discourages involvement in the political affairs of other nations

Judiciary

refers to the court system that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state

Laissez-faire

economic policy under which the government takes a hands-off approach and plays a very limited role in business affairs

Legislative

the law-making branch of government (Congress)

Liberalism

a political or social philosophy that generally advocates individual freedom above the rights and welfare of the group

Mandate

an authoritative command or decree

Manifest

evident and obvious to one's understanding

Medieval

refers to primarily the European Middle Ages, from CE 500-1500

Modern World

period of time in Western civilization from CE 500 to present day

Nobility

a socially or politically privleged class whose titles are conferred by birth or by royal decree

Perspective

point of view

Political Left Wing

those who whish to change the current social and political system

Political Right Wing

those who wish to retain the status quo in regard to the social and politcal system

Popular Sovereignty

belief that people can and should govern themselves

Prehistoric

the period of time before written records were kept

Providence

a manifestation of divine care or direction

Primary Source

an account or record of an event created by someone who took part in or who witnessed the event

Ratify

to formally approve a suggested action

Republic

government by elected representation

Recession

economic slump that lasts over and extended period of time

Secede

to withdraw from a group

Secondary Source

an account or retelling of an event by someone who was not present at the event (history book)

Secular

not pertaining to or connected with religion

Socialism

system of social organization that advocates the ownership and control of the means production and distribution of capital, land, etc, in the community as a whole

Status quo

the existing state of affairs

Suffrage

the right to vote

Tariff

a tax on imports

Western Civilization

those societies and cultures that have their origins in Europe and whose cultural background can be traced primarily to ancient Greece and/or Rome

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