Marie and Pierre Curie were a married couple; investigated radioactive elements, discovered radium and polonium
Kaiser Wilhelm II
was the Kaiser of Germany at the time of the First World War reigning from 1888-1918. He pushed for a more aggressive foreign policy by means of colonies and a strong navy to compete with Britain. His actions added to the growing tensions in pre-1914 Europe.
German philosopher, economist, and revolutionary. With the help and support of Friedrich Engels he wrote The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (1867-1894). These works explain historical development in terms of the interaction of contradictory economic forces, form the basis of all communist theory, and have had a profound influence on the social sciences.
United States composer and musical theorist (born in Austria) who developed atonal composition (1874-1951)
people who opposed any form of government
The belief of one culture that they are the superior race and have a duty to bring their culture to others regardless of the what the other culture(s) believes
A style of art in which the subject matter is portrayed by geometric forms, especially cubes
an economic theory advocating free competition and a self-regulating market and the gold standard
a theory or system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole.
physicist born in Germany who formulated the special theory of relativity and the general theory of relativity
The Wright Brothers
In 1903 Wilbur and Orville Wright tested a gas-powered airplane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. On the first flight, the plane flew 120 feet in twelve seconds. They made four flights that day, the longest lasting 59 seconds. No one was particularly interested in these flights for no one could find any uses for it. Finally, by 1920s the airplane effectively made travel and trade easier and was widely recognized.
English natural scientist who formulated a theory of evolution by natural selection (1809-1882)
austrian physician whose work focused on the unconscious causes of behavior and personality formation; founded psychoanalysis
French post-impressionist painter who worked in the South Pacific (1848-1903)
American inventor best known for inventing the electric light bulb, acoustic recording on wax cylinders, and motion pictures.
a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggresively to defend or promote national interests
naval arms race
conflict between major countries such as Great Britain, France, Germany, U.S., Japan. They were trying to come up with better technologies than the rest, created tension and fear, led national leaders to the conclusion that if war should break out, the best protection would be to take the military offense
new middle class
entrepreneurs who get wealthier during industrial revolution eventually mix with the traditional wealthy
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
The view that the present well-being of mankind should predominate over religious considerations in civil or public affairs.
a political or theological orientation advocating the preservation of the best in society and opposing radical changes