A company made up of a group of shareholders. Each shareholder contributes some money to the company and receives some share of the company's profits and debts.
founder of Georgia in 1733; soldier, statesman , philanthropist. Started Georgia as a haven for people in debt because of his interest in prison reform. Almost single handedly kept Georgia afloat.
Puritan leader who became the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony.
A person who wanted to purify the church of England, or Anglican Church, the only official and legal church in the kingdom.
House of Burgesses
Representative assembly of colonial Virginia formed in 1619.
Led the colonists & learned how to cultivate tobacco in 1616.
Pacifists; a member of the religious society of friends, a christian movement founded by George Fox C, in 1650 & devoted to peaceful principles.
1635 - He left the Massachusetts colony and purchased the land from a neighboring Indian tribe to found the colony of Rhode Island. Rhode Island was the only colony at that time to offer complete religious freedom.
Englishman and Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania (1644-1718)
King Philips War
a conflict between New England colonists and Native American Groups allied under leadership Wampanoag chief Metacom
an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests
education that results in understanding and the spread of knowledge
One of the preachers of the great awakening (key figure of "New Light"); known for his talented voice inflection and ability to bring many a person to their knees.
The most outstanding preacher of the Great Awakening. He was a New England Congregationalist and preached in Northampton, MA, he attacked the new doctrines of easy salvation for all. He preached anew the traditional ideas of Puritanism related to sovereignty of God, predestination, and salvation by God's grace alone. He had vivid descriptions of Hell that terrified listeners.
a trade route that exchanged goods between the West Indies, the American colonies, and West Africa
Religious revival in the American colonies of the eighteenth century during which a number of new Protestant churches were established.
Printer, author, inventor, diplomat, statesman, and Founding Father. One of the few Americans who was highly respected in Europe, primarily due to his discoveries in the field of electricity.
Virginian, patriot, general, and president. Lived at Mount Vernon. Led the Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the United States.
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
a voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
Patriot leader and president of the Second Continental Congress; first person to sign the Declaration of Independence.
Stamp Act of 1765
Parliament's first direct tax on the Colonies; taxed newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, dice and playing cards
A member of the Sons of Liberty who started the Committee of Correspondence to stir public support for American independence.
a riot in Boston (March 5, 1770) arising from the resentment of Boston colonists toward British troops quartered in the city, in which the troops fired on the mob and killed several persons.
a leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies (1736-1799)
Sugar Act of 1764
An act that raised tax revenue in the colonies for the crown. It also increased the duty on foreign sugar imported from the West Indies.
Sons of Liberty
Secret societies formed to protest new taxes passed by Parliament. Led the Boston Tea Party and threatened tax collectors.
Committees of Correspondence
Organization founded by Samuel Adams consisting of a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies
A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British
Boston Tea Party
protest against increased tea prices in which colonists dumped British tea into Boston harbor