Hormones act at specific target organs because these organs contain ______ specific for the hormones.
Growth hormone, secreted by the _ gland, stimulates growth of bones and muscle by activating intermediary proteins called_.
anterior pituitary, somatomedins
____(hormone) from the anterior pituitary stimulates secretion of cortisol from the adrenal cortex(gland). The anterior pituitary consists of _tissue.
adrenal cortex, glandular
The parafollicular or C-cells of the throid gland produce _, a peptide hormone that lowers plasma calcium levels.
Hormones secreted by the pancreatic islets of the pancreas include _ from the alpha cells and __from the beta cells. Which of these hormones raise blood glucose levels?
glucagon, insulin, glucagon
Specialized muscles cells in the heart produce _(hormone), which increases excretion of _ (electrolyte) by the kidneys.
_____(hormone) produced by G-cells in teh pyloric antrum stimulates ___secretion in the stomach.
Gastrin, hydrochloric acid
One ventral hypothalamic hormone __ is essential for the stress response and another (__) inhibits release of prolactin.
CRH or cortisol, PIH
____(hormone) is a stimulus for sperm production in the male and maturation of ovarian follicles in the female.
____, secreted by the pineal gland, helps regulate body activities with the light-dark cycle.
The zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex primarily produces the hormone ___ which acts on the ___(organ) to increase__(electrolyte) reabsorption.
aldosterone, kidney, sodium
__ __ (gland) is a modified sympathetic ganglion producing the amine hormones known as ____. This category of amine hormones includes both ____ and _____(two hormones).
adrenal medulla, catecholamines, epenephrine, norepenephrine
The __(organ) produces a steroid hormone called ___ in the interstitial cells and a peptide hormone called __ that inhibits FSH.
testes, testosterone, inhibin
Large follicles in this gland (___) contain a protein colloid called ___ from which the hormones __ and ___ are made. These hormones regulate many metabolic functions and are important for nervous systems development and growth.
thyroid, thyroglobulin, t3, t4