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artists, painters, humanists, etc.

Brunelleschi

early renaissance architect, San Lorenzo, Cathedral of Florence (greatest building in Early Renaissance)

Bramante

started St. Peter's Basilica, had a giant circular dome (138 ft. in diameter) greatest building in High Renaissance

patronage

paying for art

Medici family

greatest example of patronage in Early Renaissance

Pope

greatest example of patronage in High Renaissance

Donatello

1350; father of early renaissance sculpture; David (bronze); first self standing sculpture in 1000 years

Michelangelo

H.R.; Florence; sculptor,painter, architect; Sistine Chapel (Creation, Flood); David (marble)

Giotto

c.1266-1337; father of renaissance painting; The Ascension; Funeral of St. Francis; uses perspective/facial expressions

Da Vinci

died being the court painter of French king; Mona Lisa; Last Supper; Vitruvian Man

Rapheal

student of Michelangelo; loss of proportion; figures are soft and beautiful; Madonna/Child series; School of Athens; St. George and the Dragon

Bottecelli

had a religious conversion from humanism to Christianity; The Birth of Venus

Qualities of the Italian Renaissance-Sculpture/painting

maintained all qualities of Humanism, honored and glorified the Medieval Catholic Church-not religious honor, but fear of damnation over pride

How the Renaissance diffuses to the North

Warfare-Northern conquests of Italy allowed for the pillaging of art; Increased Trade-artistic advances and Renaissance ideals were carried along with goods; Northern merchants sent children to Italian schools to gain Classical Education

Qualities of the Northern Renaissance-painting, woodcuts, literature

possessed all humanist virtues, developed Christian Humanism, critical thinking within society and religion

Durer

German; woodcuts; first to sign works; "Here I am a gentleman, at home a sponger; Adoration of the Magi

Holbien

portraits of Erasmus, More, Henry VIII

Van Eyck

Flemish (from Flanders); 1385-1441; realism; Adoration of the Lamb; Giovanni Arnolfini and Bride

Brueghel

1525-1569;Flemish; focus-common man/landscape; portrayed despairity of social class, all aspects of society have balance, balance in chaos;

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