AP Human Geo. KBAT-1

38 terms by ConnorJMcClain 

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Cartography

The making or study of maps or charts.

Contagious diffusion

The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.

Cultural Ecology

Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships.

Culture

A particular society at a particular time and place

Density

The number of individuals in a certain area

Diffusion

The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time

Distance-Decay

The effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction.

Distribution

The process of giving/spreading things out into a community or group of people.

Environmental Determinism

A doctrine that claims that cultural traits are formed and controlled by environmental conditions

Equator

An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole

Expansion Diffusion

The spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process

Formal Region

An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics

Friction of Distance

A measure of how much absolute distance affects the interaction between two places.

Functional Region

An area organized around a node of focal point.

GIS

A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data. (Geographic Info. System)

GPS

A navigational system involving satellites and computers that can determine the latitude and longitude of a receiver on Earth by computing the time difference for signals from different satellites to reach the receiver

Hierarchical diffusion

The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places.

Hearth

The region from which innovative ideas originate

International Date Line

The line of longitude that marks where each new day begins, centered on the 180th meridian.

Latitude

An imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator

Longitude

Distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured in degrees from a certain meridian (line from the North to the South Pole).

Mercator projection

A map projection of the earth onto a cylinder

Possibillism

The theory that the environment sets certain constraints or limitations, but culture is otherwise determined by social conditions.

uneven development

the increasing gap in economic conditions between regions in the core and periphery that results from the globalization of the economy.

vernacular region

The sense of a place. Ex. "home"

remote sensing

The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.

Robinson Projection

Flattened globe map

scale

Size or measure according to a scale

site

the piece of land on which something is located (or is to be located)

situation

physical position in relation to the surroundings

space-time compression

the reduction in the time it takes to diffuse(send/ship) something to a distant place, as a result of improved communications and transportation systems

spatial analysis

the study of geographic phenomena in terms of their arrangement as points, lines, areas, or surfaces on a map

stimulus diffusion

a form of diffusion in which a cultural adaptation is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place

time zones

region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time

toponym

the name by which a geographical place is known

Prime Meridian

0 degrees longitude

projection

a planned undertaking

relocation diffusion

The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.

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