Emergency Medical Services
consists of a team of health care professionals who, in each area or jurisdiction, are responsible for and provide emergency medical service or pre-hospital care and transportation to sick and injured.
Emergency Medical Responder (EMR)
the first person to respond to an accident. Having very basic skills, they will provide care until an ambulance or EMT's arrive. Trained in CPR and AED use.
Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)
has been trained in BLS (Basic Life Support), and can do CPR, use an AED, use air-way adjuncts and ASSIST patient with their own medication.
Advanced Emergency Medical Technician (AEMT)
has been trained in some ALS (Advanced Life Support) techniques and can provide intravenous (IV) therapy and handle certain emergency medications.
has been trained is all ALS (Advanced Life Support) techniques and can provide intravenous (IV) therapy and handle emergency medications, endotracheal intubation, cardiac monitoring and other advanced assessment and treatment skills.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
sets the national curriculum and related documents for EMS. Sets the yearly EMS scope of practice model.
scene Size-up, Patient Assessment, Treatment, Packaging
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
put together in 1990, protects individuals who have a disability from being denied access to programs and services that are provided by state and local governments and prohibits employers from failing to provide full and equal employment to the disabled.
Basic Life Support
the foundation of life saving techniques, used by individuals trained at basic levels. Includes CPR, AED's and Airway Adjuncts along with techniques to stop bleeding and helping patients with their own medication.
Advanced Life Support
higher level life saving techniques including intravenous (IV) therapy, some emergency pharmacology.
National EMS Scope of Practice Model
a document outlining what guidelines each level of EMS professionals are allowed to use and which techniques that are certified to use.
Automated External Defibrillator (AED)
detects treatable, life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias (ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia) and deliver a shock to get the heart to beat properly.
Public Safety Access Point
a communication center where a member of the general public can reach an EMS professional and request aid for themselves or other individuals who are having an emergency.
Emergency Medical Dispatch
assists dispatchers by enabling them to communicate instructions for the callers to follow until other members of the EMS arrive on scene.
Primary Service Area
the main aria in which an EMS agency operates.
a physician who authorizes the EMT's in service to provide medical care in the field.
either online or offline instruction and authority from a medical director to their EMS team.
a system in which the medical director uses reviews, audits and other such measures to ensure that the EMS team is providing adequate and appropriate care to patients.
Continuous Quality Improvement
a system in which internal and external reviews and audits of the entire EMS along with meetings where run reports are reviews and discussed, are all used to improve upon the quality of care.
examines the health needs of entire populations.
measures taken to prevent an event or accident from happening
measures taken once the event has already happened
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HiPAA)
an act passed in ____ that protects patient information from being passed on to individuals not directly involved with the patients care.