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Chapter 1 vocabulary

Pharmocodynamics

what drug does to the body mechanism by which the drug affects the body structure

Indications

Reason to use a particular drug for a particular disorder

Receptor

Target site for drug to act on during distribution

Therapeutic range

Blood concentration of a drug that produces the desired effect without toxicity

Toxicology

the branch of pharmacology that deals with the nature and effects and treatments of poisons

Drug

any substance, other than food, that causes a change in the structure or function of the body

Absorption

the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion

Organ for Metabolism

Liver

Bioavailability

Measure of amount of drug that is actually absorbed from a given dose.

Tolerance

Drug stopsbworking as well after continuedbuse

Affinity

An attraction to receptor sight (specific response)

Five musts for a prescription

Name, route of administration,how much,when, dr name

Efficacy

Effectiveness in causing a response

Therapeutics

the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of disease and suffering

Anaphalaxis

Life threatening allergy reaction

Five rights medication distribution

Drug,dose,patient,time,route

Hypersensitivity

Allergy to medication

distributions affected by what three things

Plasma,blood flow circulation,blood brainn barrier

Habituation

being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)

Pharmacokinetics

the study of the movement of drugs and their metabolites through the body from absorption to excretion (basically, what the body does to the drug)

topical ways to give meds

skin creams,inhalations,transdermal

Three injection ways

Intramuscular,subcutaneous,intradermal

Tachyphylaxis

Rapid tolerance

Antagonist

Drugs with affinity for a receptor when combined littlenor no response

Potentiation

1+0=2 albuetrol plus maoi

Most important organ for excretion and metabolites

Kidneys

Side effect

a secondary and usually adverse effect of a drug or therapy

Pharmacotherapeutics

a major study in the realm of pharmacology concerned with how drugs are used in the treatment of disease within the human body

What four things effect excretion

Intestines,kidneys,skinnrespiration

Synergism

1+1=3 alcohol and drug give greater affect together

Name four enternal routes

Oral, sublingual,nasogastric,rectal

Additivity

1+1=2 Tylenol and motrin equal together equals separate

Four facts that affect absorption

Circulatory,solubility,Ph,particle size

Contraindicatioms

When drugbor treatment is not needed

Three effects of metabolism

Liver disease,liver enzyme,quantity of drug

Six factors that affect ADME

Age,weight,gender,route,disease,tolerance

Dependence

The need to take a substance to avoid physical discomfort

moa

Mechanism of Action

Agonoist

When drug bnds to receptor it causes a specific response

Onset drug action

Time it takes drug to work

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