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paleo indians

ancestors of the Native americans

neolithic revolution

began to domesticate plants and animals

teotihuacan

major mayan city

mesoamerica

middle america

lake texcoco

aztecs settled here

tenochtitlan

large aztec city

huitzilopochtli

main aztec god

ahuizotl

killed over 80,000 people for a new temple

moctezuma

last aztec leader

columbus

sailed the ocean in 1492

arawak

first natives columbus encountered

levantines and italians

the middlemen between asia

henry the navigator

sent 15 ships down west coast of africa

bartholomeu dias

rounded the cape of good hope

vasco de gama

made it to india

pedro cabral

discovered brazil

nina, pinta and santa maria

3 ships sailed by columbus

isabella

queen of spain

balboa

realized asia was much further away than they thought

magellan

sailed around south america

inter caetera

divided the world in half

treaty of tordesillas

gave portugal some of the new world

hernan cortes

landed on vera cruz

quetzacoatl

aztec god

hidalgo

young conquistadors

pizzaro

traveled through the incan mountains

hernando de soto

explored southern us

francisco coronado

look for the 7 cities of gold

columbian exchange

exchange between the old world and the new world

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