The Civil War
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clmoore12 Teacher on August 24, 2011
Mrs. Whitehead's Literacy and Social Studies, 2012-2013, 5th Grade Social Studies-Walters, WF resource grade 8, NFCS Recovery Tutorials 2012, ★★★The Ultimate Study+Chat★★★, CC PA, US History 1BC, US History 3AB (see more)Log in to favorite or report as inappropriate.
|Abraham Lincoln|| |
President of the United States of America during the Civil War.
|Jefferson Davis|| |
President of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War.
|Anaconda Plan|| |
The three-part strategy by which the Union proposed to defeat the Confederacy in the Civil War.
|Copperheads||Group of Northern Democrats who opposed the Civil War and sympathized with the South.|
|Robert E. Lee|| |
Top general in the Confederacy. A former Union officer that was offered command of the Union Army, later joined the South after his native Virginia seceded.
|Stonewall Jackson|| |
Confederate general, known as General Lee's "right hand man;" killed by friendly fire at the Battle of Chancellorsville.
|Ulysses S. Grant|| |
Successful Union general who won battles in the Western Theater before being promoted as the top commander of the Union Army.
|George McClellan|| |
Top Union general at the beginning of the war. An over-cautious general, he was fired by President Lincoln for failure to press Lee's Confederate troops in Richmond.
|William T. Sherman|| |
A successful Union general who implemented the tactic of "total war" in order to defeat the South. Led successful military campaign to conquer Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina.
|David Farragut|| |
Union naval admiral whose fleet captured New Orleans and Baton Rouge.
|Clara Barton|| |
Union nurse during the Civil War, known as an "angel of the battlefield;" founded the American Red Cross in 1881.
|Red Cross||Relief agency founded by Clara Barton in 1881.|
|Emancipation Proclamation||An executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, freeing the slaves in all regions controlled by the Confederacy.|
|habeas corpus||The right not to be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime.|
|conscription||The drafting of civilians to serve in the army.|
|Income Tax||Tax that takes a percentage of an individual's salary (income).|
|border states||Slave states that remained in the Union (Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware).|
|Gettysburg Address||A speech given by Abraham Lincoln on November 19, 1863 stating that the purpose of the Civil War was to protect liberty, equality, and democratic ideas.|
|John Wilkes Booth|| |
An American stage actor and Confederate sympathizer who assassinated Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865.
|13th Amendment||An amendment passed in 1865 that abolished slavery.|
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