HESI ANATOMY REVIEW

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IN THE PROCESS OF MEIOSIS THE CHROMOSOME NUMBER IS REDUCED FROM 46 TO

23

WHAT ARE TWO EXAMPLES OF INVOLUNTARY MUSCLES

SMOOTH AND CARDIAC MUSCLE

WHAT IS AN EXAMPLE OF VOLUNTARY MUSCLE

SKELETAL MUSCLE

THE SKINS OUTERMOST PROTECTIVE LAYER IS

EPIDERMIS

THE SECOND LAYER OF SKIN IS THE

DERMIS

THE OUTER LAYER OF THE EPIDERMIS IS THE

STRATUM CORNEUM

THE SECOND LAYER OF THE EPIDERMIS IS THE

STRATUM LUCIDUM

THE THIRD LAYER OF THE EPIDERMIS IS THE

STRATUM GRANULOSUM

THE INNERMOST LAYER OF THE EPIDERMIS IS THE

STRATUM GERMINATIVUM

WHICH LAYER OF THE EPIDERMIS DOES MITOSIS OCCUR?

STRATUM GERMINATIVUM

MUSCLE CONTRACTION RESULTS FROM THE SLIDING TOGETHER OF

ACTIN AND MYOSIN FILAMENTS

IN ORDER FOR A MUSCLE CELL TO CONTRACT WHAT MUST BE PRESENT

CALCIUM AND ATP

THE MUSCLE THAT EXECUTES A GIVEN MOVEMENT IS THE

PRIME MOVER

THE MUSCLE THAT PRODUCES THE OPPOSITE MOVEMENT IS THE

ANTAGONIST

TRANSMITS THE NERVE IMPULSE TOWARD THE CELL BODY

DENDRITES

TRANSMITS NERVE IMPULSES AWAY FROM THE CELL BODY

AXONS

NEURON THAT TRANSMITS NERVE IMPULSES TOWARD THE CNS

SENSORY (AFFERENT)

NEURONS THAT TRANSMIT NERVE IMPULSES AWAY FROM THE CNS

MOTOR (EFFERENT)

PART OF THE BRAIN ASSOCIATED WITH MOVEMENT AND SENSORY INPUT

CEREBRUM

PART OF THE BRAIN RESPONSIBLE FOR MUSCULAR COORDINATION

CEREBELLUM

PART OF THE BRAIN THAT CONTROLS VITAL FUNCTIONS

MEDULLA OBLONGATA

HOW MANY PAIRS OF SPINAL NERVES EXIT THE SPINAL CORD

31

TYPE OF IMPULSE THAT ENTERS THE DORSAL HORNS OF THE SPINAL CORD

SENSORY IMPULSES

TYPE OF IMPULSE THAT LEAVES THROUGH THE VENTRAL HORNS OF THE SPINAL CORD

MOTOR IMPULSES

WHERE DO THE ENDOCRINE AND NERVOUS SYSTEMS MEET

HYPOTHALAMUS AND PITUITARY GLAND

WHAT GOVERNS THE PITUITARY GLAND

HYPOTHALAMUS

HORMONE THAT ENTERS THE TARGET CELLS AND HAS A DIRECT EFFECT ON THE DNA OF THE NUCLEUS.

STEROID HORMONES

HORMONE THAT REMAINS AT THE CELL SURFACE AND ACT THROUGH A SECOND MESSENGER.

PROTEIN HORMONES

ERYTHROCYTES ARE

RED BLOOD CELLS

LEUKOCYTES ARE

WHITE BLOOD CELLS

WHITE BLOOD CELLS ARE ACTIVE IN PHAGOCYTOSIS

NEUTROPHILS AND MONOCYTES

WBC ARE ACTIVE IN ANTIBODY FORMATION

LYMPHOCYTES

PLATELETS ARE ACTIVE IN THE PROCESS OF

BLOOD CLOTTING

BLOOD IS RECEIVED BY THE _______ AND IS PUMPED INTO CIRCULATION BY THE

ATRIA, VENTRICLES

VALVE BETWEEN THE ATRIA AND VENTRICLES ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE HEART IS

TRICUSPID VALVE

VALVE BETWEEN THE ATRIA AND VENTRICLES ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE HEART

BICUSPID VALVE

VALVES FOUND AT THE ENTRANCES OF THE PULMONARY TRUNK AND THE AORTA

SEMILUNAR VALVES

THE CONTRACTION PHASE OF THE HEART CYCLE IS

SYSTOLE

THE RELAXTION PHASE OF THE HEART CYCLE IS

DIASTOLE

LARGE VEINS THAT EMPTY INTO THE RIGHT ATRIUM OF THE HEart

superior and inferior venae cavae

WHAT HORMONE IS RELEASED FROM THE ADRENAL CORTEX

CORTISOL

WHAT HORMONE DOES THE PINEAL GLAND SECRETE

MELATONIN

WHAT HORMONES DOES THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND SECRETE

GH, TSH, ACTH, FSH,LH, PROLACTIN,

WHAT HORMONE DOES THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND SECRETE

OXYTOCIN, VASOPRESSIN

WHAT HORMONE DOES THE THYROID SECRETE

T3, T4

WHAT DOES THE ADRENAL CORTEX SECRETE

CORTICOSTERIODS

WHAT FUNCTION DOES THE HORMONE CORTICOSTERIODS HAVE

REGULATES SALT AND WATER BALANCE IN THE BODY

WHAT DOES THE ADRENAL MEDULLA SECRETE?

(catecholamines) EPINEPHRINE

WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF EPINEPHRINE?

Also called adrenaline, epinephrine increases blood pressure and heart rate when the body experiences stress.

FUNCTION OF ROUGH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM

SYNTHESIZES PROTEINS

FUNCTION OF SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM

SYNTHESIZES LIPIDS AND STEROIDS

where does the actual filtration process occur in the kidneys

glomerulus in Bowman's capsule

WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF RIBOSOMES

PRODUCTION OF PROTEINS

MODIFIES AND PACKAGES PROTEINS AND OTHER MACROMOLECULES IN THE CELL

GOLGI APPARATUS

INVOLVED IN DIGESTION WITHIN THE CELL

LYSOSOMES

SACS IN THE CELLS WITH THE ABILITY TO STORE MATERIALS

VACOULES

CARRIES OUT AEROBIC RESPIRATION AND PRODUCES ATP FOR ENERGY

MITOCHONDRIA

GIVES SHAPES ANS STRUCTURE TO THE CELL

CYTOSKELETON

THE PROCESS WHERE PARTICLES MOVE FROM AN AREA OF HIGH CONCENTRATION TO AN AREA OF LOW CONCENTRATION

DIFFUSION

TRANSPORTATION THAT OCCURS FROM A HIGH CONCENTRATION TO A LOW CONCENTRATION NATURALLY AND WITHOUT ANY ADDITIONAL ENERGY INPUT

PASSIVE TRANSPORT

WHAT PHASE OF MITOSIS DOES THE CHROMATIDS DIVIDE

METAPHASE

WHAT PHASE OF MITOSIS DO TWO DAUGHTER CELLS FORM?

TELOPHASE

PHASE OF MITOSIS WHERE CHROMOSOMES MOVE TO THE OPPOSITE POLES OF THE CELL. TWO SETS OF IDENTICAL CHROMOSOMES ON OPPOSITE POLES OF THE CELL

ANAPHASE

PHASE OF MEIOSIS THAT TWO DAUGHTER CELLS ARE FORMED

TELOPHASE

VALVE THAT IS LOCATED BETWEEN THE LEFT ATRIUM AND THE LEFT VENTRICLE

MITRAL VALVE

VALVE LOCATED BETWEEN THE RIGHT VENTRICLE AND PULMONARY ARTERY

PULMONARY

VALVE LOCATED BETWEEN THE LEFT VENTRICLE AND THE AORTA

AORTIC

VALVE LOCATED BETWEEN THE RIGHT ATRIUM AND THE RIGHT VENTRICLE

TRICUSPID

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