LA202 Lit Terms

41 terms by bayport

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allusion

a casual and brief reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event

alliteration

the reoccurance of initial constant sounds

allegory

narrative in which literal meaning corresponds directly to symbolic meaning

anaphora

repetition of word(s) for meaning

anachronism

something or someone that is not in its correct historical or chronological time

aphorism

a brief, sententious statement of a truth or principle

apostrophe

a direct address to an absent or dead person or to an object, quality, or idea

assonance

repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sequence of nearby words

cacophony

the clash of discordant or harsh sounds within a sentence or phrase

epithet

an adjective or phrase that describes a prominent feature of a person or thing

euphemism

the substitution of a mild or less negative word or phrase for a harsh or blunt one

hyperbole

a figure of speech in which deliberate exaggeration is used for emphasis

juxtaposition

place two items side by side to create an effect, reveal an attitude, or accomplish a purpose

irony

a technique of detachment that draws awareness to the discrepancy between words and their meanings

litotes

a form of understatement in which a statement is affirmed by negating its opposite

metaphor

a comparison without using like or as

metonymy

the substitution of one term for another that is generally associated with it

onomatopoeia

sounds of words

oxymoron

a figure of speech which, for emphasis, contradictory terms are brought sharply together

pathos

quality in literature that evokes high emotion, sorrow, pity

paradox

a self-contradictory statement that finds deeper meaning

parallelism

use of two or more words, phrases, or sentences with the same grammatical structure

personification

an animal displaying human like feelings, behavior

satire

work that exposes to ridicule the shortcomings of individuals, institutions,or society

simile

a figure of speech using like or as

synecdoche

a form of metonymy in which a part of an entity is used to refer to the whole

synaesthesia

the use of one kind of sensory experience to describe another

pun

a play on words that exploits the similar in sound between two words with distinctly different meanings

verbal irony

use of a statement that, by context, implies its opposite

situational irony

what is expected to happen is different than the outcome

dramatic irony

the audience or reader knows something that the characters do not

protagonist

main character

antagonist

character or force who blocks the protagonist

atmosphere

The mood the reader gets from the setting, the characterization and the tone of the narrator

connotation

it is the feelings and emotions associated with a word

denotation

the literary(dictionary) meaning of a word

motif

a reoccuring image, phrase, idea that relates to and develops the theme

sarcasm

a form of verbal irony in which the opposite of what the speaker says is meant, usually expressing scorn or meant to hurt

symbolism

an object, animate or inanimate, which represents or stands for something else

theme

the essential idea,group of ideas, or philosophy that the writer wants the reader to understand from the story s/he is telling

tone

the attitude of style or expression used to write

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