Generates vibrations and transmits them into the air.
Wind instruments. Use air.
String instruments. Sound comes from a string vibrating.
Bells and cymbals. Produce sound from the substance of the instrument itself.
Drums. Skin vibrates.
pitch, duration, volume, timbre
The four properties of musical tone.
Specific area in the range of an instrument or voice (low, middle, or high).
soprano, mezzo-soprano, alto, tenor, baritone, bass
Standard designations for vocal ranges, from highest to lowest.
One instrument (such as the viola) reinforcing another when it plays the same notes an octave higher or lower.
Proper name for the cello.
contrabass, bass viol
Other names for the double bass.
Plucked on a string instrument.
Finger of the left hand slides along the string while the right hand draws the bow.
Rapid repetition of a tone through a quick up-and-down movement of the bow. Associated with suspense and excitement.
Playing two strings at once.
Crystalline tones in a very high register that are produced by lightly touching the string at certain points while the bow is drawn.
An alto oboe.
Lowest woodwind instrument.
The oral mechanism of the lips, lower facial muscles, and jaw used in playing woodwinds and brass.
Valved bugle with wide bell. Used in jazz and brass bands.
Tenor instrument whose shape resembles the tuba.
Mellow xylophone of African origin.
Xylophone with resonators.
Series of horizontal tuned steel bars of various sizes. (As opposed to wooden blocks of a xylophone.)
Glockenspiel operated by means of a keyboard.
Large drum with wood shell and no snares.
Flat gong of indefinite pitch.
Ensemble of Asia where the gong is central.
Ensemble music for small groups, one player per part. (Quartets/quintets)
Soloist (string) with piano.
Ensemble of strings coupled with assortment of woodwinds, brass, and percussion instruments.