Societies that were ruled without executive leadership but instead a committee was established to make key political decisions.
A few rulers govern w/ absolute power, Similar to authoritarianism.
a legislative body with two chambers that represent the masses.
(or patron-client networks) An established political elite maintains control through an elaborate network of contacts, co-opting his adversaries with varies perks.
Interest groups are given priority in decision making, usually involved ties with business, labor, and government over economic policy.
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS):
The organization established in 1975 among the sixteen governments in West Africa. Its goals are to strengthen and broaden the economies in the region through the removal of trade barriers
Traditional Islamic ruler who rules over a kingdom in northern Nigeria.
A state that can control the pattern of alliances and terms of the international order, and often shapes domestic political developments in countries throughout the world.
Traditional ruler and political structures were used to rule existing colonial territories in assisting the governing mother country.
State offices are used for the personal benefit by officeholders as well as of their support group or clients. Patron-client networks keep these ideas alive.
British colonial officials selected chiefs to assist in political matters and enforcing laws. Chiefs were co-opted to and were used much like puppet rulers.
A Parliament is the dominant institution