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Peter Cooper

1830

Peter Cooper

Baltimore-based industrialist

Peter Cooper

Manufactures America's first steam locomotive "the tom thumb"

Peter Cooper

steam power and railroading highlight america's antebellum industrial evolution

Charles Goodyear

New Haven, CT native

Charles Goodyear

invents and receives a patent for vulcanized rubber

Charles Goodyear

inspires the founding of goodyear tire and rubber company, though had no direct connections to the business

William Kelly

Pittsburg, PA native

Sir Henry Bessemer

Englishman

William Kelly/ Sir Henry Bessemer

perfect the manufacture of steel from iron ore

William Kelly/ Sir Henry Bessemer

"The Bessemer Process" and the "Bessemer Converter" contribute greatly to the industrial revolution of the gilded age

Samuel Finley Breese Morse

1835

Samuel Finley Breese Morse

Massachusetts born artist turned inventor

Samuel Finley Breese Morse

Introduces the telegraph

Samuel Finley Breese Morse

the first inter-city telegraphic message is sent in 1844 from Baltimore to Washington DC "what hath God wrought"

Samuel Finley Breese Morse

devises a language "Morse Code" for his innovation in communication

Edwin Drake

railroad conductor drills first oil well at Titusville, PA on August 27, 1859

Edwin Drake

Project dubbed "drake's Folly" by contemporary critics

Edwin Drake

First thought to have medicinal properties, crude oil proves greater value as a lubricant and fuel source

Edwin Drake

America's greatest gilded age fortune will be built in the Petroleum Industry

Christopher Lanthom Sholes

1867

Christopher Lanthom Sholes

Pennsylvania born, Milwaukee based printer

Christopher Lanthom Sholes

introduces the typewriter

Christopher Lathom Sholes

His device featured the qwerty keyboard

Christopher Lanthom Sholes

Revolutionized and defined the workday for american women

Alexander Graham Bell

1876

Alexander Graham Bell

scotch born, boston based

Alexander Graham Bell

speech teacher

Alexander Graham Bell

introduces the telephone

Alexander Graham Bell

March 10, 1876

Alexander Graham Bell

Mr Watson, come here, I want you!

Alexander Graham Bell

also tinkers on other gadgets including a metal detector

Thomas Alva Edison

The Wizard of Menlo Park

Thomas Alva Edison

1% inspiration, 99% perspiration

Thomas Alva Edison

ohio born, new jersey based inventor with over 1300 lifetime patents

Thomas Alva Edison

1877 the phonograph "Mary had a little lamb"

Thomas Alva Edison

1879 the lightbulb

Thomas Alva Edison

1882 nyc contracts him to provide it with practical electricity

Thomas Alva Edison

1887 motion pictures, he calls his rotating studio "Black Moriah"

George Westinghouse

new york state native and versatile inventor

George Westinghouse

1869 developed the railroad air brake

George Westinghouse

1883 pioneered safety in the transport and combustion of natural gas

George Westinghouse

founded westinghouse electric company and developed the common use of AC rather than DC electricity

Henry Ford

michigan born farm-boy of irish ancestry

Henry Ford

takes work as a machinist apprentice

Henry Ford

combines an internal combustion engine with a set of bicycle tires to come up with his "tin lizzie" or "horseless carriage"

Henry Ford

assembly line mass-production of the automobile puts detroit and suburban america on the map

Henry Ford

revolutionizing american industry, society, politics in the 20th century

Guglielmo Marconi

1894

Guglielmo Marconi

irish-italian

Guglielmo Marconi

bases his work in electromagnetics on studies conducted by German Heinrich Hertz

Guglielmo Marconi

first to apply electromagnetic waves to transmit "wireless" messages across a long distance, invents radio

Orville and Wilbur Wright

1903

Orville and Wilbur Wright

Dayton Ohio based bicycle mechanics

Orville and Wilbur Wright

put wings on a "horseless carriage" and introduces the airplane

Orville and Wilbur Wright

first in flight December 17, 1903 at Kittyhawk, NC

Orville and Wilbur Wright

12 second first flight

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