# PTCB Flash Cards

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C. 216mL

### Young's Rule

Adult Dose X (Age ÷ (Age+12)) = Child's Dose

### Clark's Rule

Adult Dose X (Weight ÷ 150) = Childs Dose

### Pharmacy Dilution Math

C1 X V1 = C2 X V2
C1= Concentration 1
V1= Volume 1
C2= Concentration 2
V2= Volume 2

### IV Flow Rate Calculation

Volume ÷ Rate = Time

### RATE OF FLOW

Volume ÷ Time = Rate

### How would we determine the volume to fill a prescription?

RATE x TIME = VOLUME

### IV Infusion Set Calculation

volume(ml)/minutes x Drop Factor (gtt/ml) = Flow Rate(gtt/min)

Every Two Years

### To make space in the pharmacy, you've been asked to consolidate 3 bottles of solution "F", then label the resulting mixture. Bottle #1 is 10oz of 30% Bottle #2 is 8oz of 50% Bottle #3 is 20oz of 60% What will your Label Say? A. Solution F 44% B. Solution F 50% C. Solution F 38% D. Solution F 54%

B. Solution F 50%

### Lidocaine 5% is dissolved into D7.5W and is used parenterally for Spinal Anesthesia. Which of the formulas listed below could be used to prepare 500mL of D7.5W. A. 200mL D10W + 300mL SWFI B. 250mL D10W + 250mL SWFI C. 325mL D10W + 175mL SWFI D. 375mL D10W + 125mL SWFI

D. 375mL D10W + 125mL SWFI

C. 216mL

### Of the following drugs, which would be the most dangerous to take after its expiration? A. Colchicine (Anti-gout) B. Propranolol (Beta-blocker) C. Doxycycline (Antibiotic) D. Sildenafil (Erectile dysfunction)

C. Doxycycline (Antibiotic)

### Three separate drugs are required to make a 3:5:7 450g ointment. How much of each drug is needed, respectively? A. 70g; 140g; 240g B. 90g; 150g; 210g C. 100g; 100g; 250g D. 150g; 150g; 150g

B. 90g; 150g; 210g

### How many milliliters of a 1:2000 Drug "I" solution and a 7% Drug "I" solution mixed would make 120ml of a 3.5% solution of drug "I"? A. 54.6mL of 7% + 65.4mL of 1:2000 B. 59.6mL of 7% + 60.4mL of 1:2000 C. 20.0mL of 7% + 100 mL of 1:2000 D. 65.4mL of 7% + 54.2mL of 1:2000

B. 59.6mL of 7% + 60.4mL of 1:2000

D. DEA Form 106

A. 3.6g

C. 4.5mg/hr

B. 7.4

B. Turnover

C. 15gtt/min

### What is the generic name for Lantus® insulin? A. Insulin glargine B. Insulin lispro C. Insulin detemir D. Insulin aspart

A. Insulin glargine

### An autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas is called: A. Type 2 diabetes B. Gestational diabetes C. Pre diabetes D. Type 1 diabetes

D. Type 1 diabetes

A. 154cc

B. 5.0%

B. Two

C. Ropinirole

A. ONE (1)

C. 180 grams

C. 1.0L

C. 5.0%

### Agiotension converting enzyme inhibitors are used to reduce blood pressure. Which of the following drugs are ACE inhibitors? A. Captopril, Ramipril and Irbesartan B. Enalapril, Lisinopril and Fosinopril C. Benazepril, Ramipril and Donepezil D. Telmisartan, Valsartan and Candesartan

B. Enalapril, Lisinopril and Fosinopril

D. 500g

### An order arrives for 600mL of 10% Solution W. Your stock has 20% and 5% solution W. What ratio of 20% and 5% would be used to mix this order? A. 2:1 ratio (400mL 20% + 200mL 5%) B. 3:1 ratio (450mL 20% + 150mL 5%) C. 1:3 ratio (150mL 20% + 450mL 5%) D. 1:2 ratio (200mL 20% + 400mL 5%)

D. 1:2 ratio (200mL 20% + 400mL 5%)

C. Memantine

C. 1%

C. 14 mL

D. Digoxin

C. 500mg

### Which of the following classes of antibiotics does gentamicin belong to? A. Aminoglycosides B. Cephalosporins C. Floroquinolones D. Macrolides

A. Aminoglycosides

D. 6mL

B. 120mL

C. 50mL

C. 25mL

B. 25gtt/min

C. 2 Bags

B. 1.86%

D. 5894.7 mL

B. 250mL

### Which of the following organizations has 54 members, made up primarily of all of the Boards of Pharmacy in the United States and it's territories? A. United States Pharmacopeia (USP) B. National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP) C. The Joint Commission (TJC) D. National State Pharmacy Association (NSPA)

B. National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP)

C. Class III

C. 35 Hours

D. Intravenous

C. 24 grams

A. ACE inhibitor

B. 721

A. Package size

C. 0

B. UltraLente

### Which types of anti-biotics inhibit growth and reproduction of bacteria, but do not kill bacteria ? A. Bactericidal B. Anti-Bacterial C. Hypo-Allergenic D. Bacteriostatic

D. Bacteriostatic

c. 533.3mL

### A patient needs 175mL of a 2% solution. Your stock solution is 10%. How much stock solution and diluent will you need? a. 140mL stock, 35mL diluent b. 75mL stock, 100mL diluent c. 35mL stock, 140mL diluent d. 45mL stock, 130mL diluent

c. 35mL stock, 140mL diluent

c. 70mg/hr

### Which of the following formulas will produce a 1000mL solution of 3.5% amino acid in 15% dextrose? A. Amino Acid 10% 500mL + Dextrose 30% 500mL B. Dextrose 30% 500mL + Amino Acid 10% 300mL C. Amino Acid 7% 500mL + Dextrose 30% 500mL D. Dextrose 30% 600mL + Amino Acid 7% 400mL

C. Amino Acid 7% 500mL + Dextrose 30% 500mL

C. Orange Book

### Which of the following belong to the tricyclic class (TCA's) of anti-depressants? A. sertraline and clomipramine B. amitriptyline and imipramine C. trimipramine and citalopram D. mirtazapine and nortriptyline

B. amitriptyline and imipramine

C. 40ml

C. Epilepsy

A. 5.0%

### Which of the following are examples of calcium channel blockers? A. Amlodipine and Diltiazem B. Nifedipine and Digoxin C. Verapamil and Ramipril D. Cialis® and Felodipine

A. Amlodipine and Diltiazem

### Prochlorperazine can be used as all of the following except: A. Antiemetic B. Antipsychotic C. Antianxiety D. Antihypertensive

D. Antihypertensive

C. H2 antagonist

A. Celexa®

### How much hydrocortisone and menthol would you use in a compound for 240mL of an emollient lotion containing 2% hydrocortisone and 1/4% menthol ? a. HC / 480mg + menthol / 600mg b. HC / 4.8g + menthol / 600mg c. HC / 480mg + menthol / 0.6g d. HC / 48mg + menthol / 60mg

b. HC / 4.8g + menthol / 600mg

c. CLXIX

d. 1.1

### Meglitinides are anti diabetic medications used in the management of _________. a. type 1 diabetes b. type 2 diabetes c. gestational diabetes d. all diabetes

b. type 2 diabetes

a. 8 capsules

### Indapamide is an example of a ________. a. Loop diuretic b. Thiazide diuretic c. Potassium sparing diuretic d. Aldosterone antagonist

b. Thiazide diuretic

d. Glyburide

### If a patient receives 500mL of IV solution over a 4 hour period, calculate the number of drops per minute the solution should be given. The set delivers 20 gtts/mL. a. 12 drops/minute b. 14 drops/minute c. 42 drops/minute d. 41 drops/minute

c. 42 drops/minute

### Enalapril and Ramipril are examples of: a. beta blockers b. ace inhibitors c. alpha blockers d. calcium channel blockers

b. ace inhibitors

c. efficacy

D. Part D

### How many milligrams of a drug would be in one pint if each dram has 1/8th of a grain? A. 1750 B. 2074 C. 32 D. None of the Above

D. None of the Above

C. Avapro

a. antibiotics

### A patient is to receive 3 L of IV solution over a 24 hour period. If the set delivers 15 drops per mL, how many drops per minute should be administered? a. 7 drops/minute b. 21 drops/minute c. 19 drops/minute d. 31 drops/minute

d. 31 drops/minute

b. 2mL

C. Hypotonic

a. anastrozole

c. 2000 tablets

C. 1.2mL

B.1920mg

B.25mg/ml

D. 0.1125g

A. Too low

D 0.1mL

C. 0.5%

B. 0.14%

D. 20mcg/mL

C. 1:50

B. 15%

D. AB

### Which is not a possible side effect of furosemide? a. hypotension b. hyperglycemia c. allergic reaction d. pulmonary edema

d. pulmonary edema

### Which statement is true about Sodium Nitroprusside? A. Commonly used in an epidural preparation. B. Must not be administered intravenously. C. Should be protected from sunlight. D. Is in DEA Sch. V

C. Should be protected from sunlight.

A. Kidney Stones

b. anti-emetic

c. metoprolol

### To make space for new stock, you've been asked to combine 4 bottles of cleaning solution z, and then label that bottle with the volume and % concentration. The contents are: -Bottle 1= 200mL of 75% -Bottle 2= 300mL of 90% -Bottle 3= 100mL of 80% -Bottle 4= 400mL of 50% -What will you type on the new label? A. Solution z, 1L of 78% B. Solution z, 1L of 70% C. Solution z, 1L of 62% D. None of the above

B. Solution z, 1L of 70%

D. Zostivax®

A. Class I

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