repetition of initial consonant sounds
"The sun seared her slender form"
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
"The task before her seemed more daunting than the 12 labors of Hercules"
The intentional repetition of beginning clauses in order to create an artistic effect. "Pray for the meek. Pray for the poor. Pray for the weak in spirit."
Using opposite phrases in close conjunction.
"It was the best of people in the worst of times"
The trope of exaggeration or overstatement
"Her willpower could move mountains"
A figure of speech that fuses two contradictory ideas.
Using a contradiction in a manner that oddly makes sense on a deeper level.
"He claimed victory in defeat"
When the writer establishes similar patterns of grammatical structure and length.
"The student spoke, his classmates listened, and the teacher judged."
A figure of speech in which a non-human subject is given human-like characteristics.
"The old wooden stool screamed in protest when the obese man sat on it."