Renaissance stuff

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Italian Renaissance

a rebirth of learning

Europe suffered from what during the Middle Ages?

war and plague

what was the most powerful institution?

church

how was the church divided?

roman catholic (west)
orthodox (east)

Where did the Renaissance begin?

northern Italy

what are the dates for Renaissance?

1300s-1600s

what was revived during Renaissance?

classical Greece and Rome

why is Italy the birthplace of Renaissance?

thriving cities, wealthy merchant class, classical heritage

overseas trade that crossed Italy had been spurred by what?

Crusades

where did city-states usually develop?

northern Italy

horrendous disease during this time

Bubonic Plague

how did the plague work in the favor of workers?

higher wages could be demanded

most important city-states

Milan and Florence

merchants vs. nobles

merchants didn't inherit their social rank, they worked for it

what form of government did Florence have?

Republican

what family became dominant in Florence?

Medici

who was the most famous family member of the Medici family?

Lorenzo

what was Lorenzo's political position?

dictator

what famous book was advice to Lorenzo?

The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli

what is usury?

taking interest

what influenced Italians to be interested in classical art and learning?

ruins of Rome

where had Latin manuscripts been preserved?

monasteries

what happened in 1453 that impacted the Renaissance?

turks conquered Constantinople

humanities

history, literature, and philosophy

secular

worldly

secularists

wanted to experience the world

patrons

people who supported the arts

what is a person described as if they excel in many fields?

universal or Renaissance

who was the greatest Renaissance man?

Baldassare Castiglione

what family ruled Ferrara?

d'Estes

what book made Castiglione famous?

The Courtier

who painted Castiglione's portrait?

Raphael

who painted Isabella's portrait?

Titian

what was the name for most baptistries?

St. John the Baptist

who won the contest to paint the doors?

Lorenzo Ghiberti

for what amazing structure is Brunelleschi known?

dome of Santa Maria del Fiore

what else is Brunelleschi famous for?

first great master of architecture and rediscovering mathematical perspective

who was the first great master of sculpturing and rediscovered techniques such as contrapposta?

Donatello

who was the first great master of painting and was first to use mathematical perspective in his painting?

Massacio

what great artist is known for his two great works using mathematical perspective?

Raphael

why weren't Middle Age artists into using perspective?

the church was interested in such techniques, and that is who paid them, so they weren't taught

where was most artwork located and why was is there?

church, to tell stories

what did Donatello and Michaelangelo have in common?

they both sculpted David

what was Leaonardo's most famous religious work?

The Last Supper

what was Leonardo's most famous portrait and most likely most famous painting in the world?

Mona Lisa

where is "The Last Supper"?

Milan

what did Michaelangelo the most significant of the arts? why?

the creation of the nude, male figure for historical and religious reasons

where are most of Michaelangelo's paintings?

Italy

for what is Raphael known?

beautiful paintings of the Madonna and Child

who are the Madonna and Child?

Mary and Jesus

who were Anguissola and Gentileschi?

some of the first female painters

what does vernacular mean?

native language

what is the origin of the Romance languages?

Rome

what are the 5 Romance languages?

Latin, French, Italian, Spanish, Romania

to what family of languages does Latin belong?

Indo-European

what is the origin of English?

German

who is called the father of Renaissance humanism?

Petrarch of Italy

in what languages did Petrarch write?

Italian and Latin

how many lines are in a sonnet?

14

who was Laura?

Petrarch's inspiration

who is the author of Decameron?

Boccaccio

why is the title Decameron?

it shows both comic and tragic views of life

what is the english equivalent of Decameron?

Canteberry Isles

what was Machiavelli's most famous work?

the prince

what was the prince about?

giving rulers the advice that it was better to be feared than to be loved

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