Taisha GRE Vocabulary 1/30

56 terms by willfoxzl 

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abacus

n. 算盘
an instrument for performing calculations by sliding counters along rods or in grooves

abase

v. 使谦卑,贬低降低地位、威望或尊严
To lower in rank, prestige, or esteem
sink
made a mistake.

abate

v. 减轻,减低
abate<>intensify/promote
降低<>加强/提升
abate<>augment
减弱<>增加,扩大
abate<>increase in intensity
减弱<> 剧烈增长
careless worker who had broken the machine.

abdicate

v. 让位,辞职,放弃,
to relinquish (as sovereign power) formally
abdicate<>constitute
剥夺<>任命
abdicate<>assume
放弃<>接受
abdicate<>usurp
让位,辞职<>篡位

aberrant

adj. 脱离常规的 ,异常的,越轨的
aberrant<>normal
脱离常轨<>正常

abet

v. 教唆 ,协助(犯罪)
to assist or support in the achievement of a purpose
stymie<>abet
阻碍<>鼓励
frustrate<>abet
阻挠<>唆使
abet<>thwart/impede
教唆<>阻止
forestall<>abet
阻止(先下手)<>唆使,怂勇
abet<>obstruct
教唆<>阻止

abeyance

n. 终止 ,搁置
abeyance<>continuance
中止<>继续
disease that killed 4,000 Philadelphians in 1793, and so decimated Memphis, Tennessee,
that the city lost its charter, has reappeared after nearly two decades in abeyance in the
Western Hemisphere.

abhor

vt. 憎恶, 痛恨
to regard with extreme repugnance
abhor<>greatly admire
憎恨,厌恶<>非常仰慕

abiding

adj. 永久的,持久的,不变的
to remain stable or fixed in a state
miscreant<>law-abiding individual
有罪的人<>遵守法纪的人
abiding<>evanescent
持久的<>易消散的
abiding<>ephemeral
持久的<>短暂的

abjure

v. 发誓放弃, 避免, 公开放弃
to renounce upon oath
abjure<>espouse
誓绝<>支持
abjure<>embrace
放弃<>支持

abnegate

v. 使无效 ,放弃
SURRENDER, RELINQUISH
abnegate<>reaffirm
弃绝,否认<>重新肯定
for she had to wed the king; their act of abnegation was necessary to preserve the kingdom.

abrasion

n. 表面磨损,因摩擦而损伤
a wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction
abrade<>augment
磨损<>增加

abrogate

v. 废除(法令等); 取消
abrogate<>embrace/institute/uphold
取消<>乐于接受/创立/赞成
vitiate

abscond

v. 潜逃, 避债
to depart secretly and hide oneself

absolve

v. 赦免,宣布免除
to set free from an obligation or the consequences of guilt
absolve<>inculpate
使无罪<>使负罪
absolve<>indict
赦免<>起诉

abstain

v. 主动戒绝 ,自我抑制 ,禁绝, 放弃
to refrain deliberately and often with an effort of self-denial from an action or practice

abstemious

adj. 有节制的 ,饮食有度的 ,节俭的
marked by restraint especially in the consumption of food or alcohol
abstemious<>indulgence

abstinent

adj. 饮食有度的,有节制的,禁欲的
voluntary forbearance especially from indulgence of an appetite or craving or from eating

abstruse

adj. 奥妙的, 深奥的
abstruse<>accessible/patent
深奥的<>可了解的/明显的
abstruse<>explicit
深奥的<>清晰的
profound, secret

accede

v. 同意, 加入
accede<>demur
同意<>反对
tradition in the state, so the legislators surprised no one when, acceding to public practice,
they rejected increased penalties for speeding.

acclimate

vt. 使适应新气候或新环境
to adapt to a new temperature, altitude, climate, environment, or situation
acclimate<>make unfamiliar with
使适应<>使不熟悉
themselves to their new and often strange environments.

accolade

n. 推崇备至,赞扬
an expression of praise
accolade<>cutting remark
称赞<>苛评
accolade<>speak ill/derogate
称赞<>挑毛病/减损
accolade<>disapprobation
赞赏<>不赞成
accolade<>criticism
极力赞扬<>批评,评论
accolade<>excoriate
极力赞扬<>严厉的责难
accolade<>reprobate/ reproof
极力赞扬<>斥责/谴责
accolade<>denigration
极力赞扬<>毁誉
accolade<>swearword
极力赞扬<>咒骂
accolade<>denunciation
赞扬<>谴责
accolade<>castigation
称赞<>斥责

accomplice

n. 同谋者, 帮凶
one associated with another especially in wrongdoing

accost

vt. 向人搭话 ,勾引
to approach and speak to often in a challenging or aggressive way
were going to attack me.

accrete

v. 共生,附着,增加
ACCUMULATE

acerbity

n. 涩, 酸, 刻薄
Sourness of taste, character, or tone.
acerbity<>saccharin
酸<>糖精
unfailingly acerbic disagreement on nearly every issue, have nevertheless reached an
unexpectedly swift, albeit still tentative, agreement on next year's contract.

achromatic

adj. 消色差的, 非彩色的, 无色的
designating color perceived to have zero saturation and therefore no hue, such as neutral
grays, white, or black
acme n.顶点,极点
the highest point or stage
summit, zenith
again did he achieve such popular acclaim.

acquiesce

v. 勉强同意,默许
to accept, comply, or submit tacitly or passively
acquiesce<>resist
默许<>抵制,抵抗
acquiesce<>defy
顺从<>抗拒
balky<>acquiesce
倔强的<>默认的

acquit

vt. 宣告无罪, 脱卸义务和责任, 还清(债务)
to discharge completely
by biased news stories that had predicted acquittal.

acrid

adj. 辛辣的,尖刻的
acrid<>gentle
辣的, 刻薄的<>温和的
acrid<>savory
辣的<>可口的

acrimonious

adj. 尖刻的 ,辛辣的
caustic , biting , or rancorous especially in feeling, language, or manner
caustic , biting , or rancorous especially in feeling, language, or manner
acrimonious<>harmonious
不和谐的<>和谐的
wrothy

acumen

n. 敏锐, 聪明
keenness and depth of perception, discernment, or discrimination especially in
practical matters
acumen<>unable to discerning
敏锐的<>不能辨别的
acumen<>obtuse
敏锐的<>愚笨的
Synonyms : WIT, astucity, astuteness, discernment, discrimination, keenness,
penetration, percipience, perspicacity, shrewdness

adamant

adj. 固执的,不动摇的,坚硬的
adamant<>vacillatory
坚定<>动摇
adamant<>incline to yield
坚强的 <> 容易妥协的
adamant<>irresolute
固执的◇犹豫不决的
unswayable, unyielding
insincerity, he was not successful; she remained adamant in her judgment.

addendum

n. 附录, 补遗
something added or to be added, especially a supplement to a book
be even better with an addendum on recent developments in literary criticism.

adjacent

adj. 毗连的,接近的
having a common endpoint or border also immediately preceding or following
conterminous
living room made an adequate breakfast nook for the young couple.

adjunct

n. 附属物,附件, 助手
something joined or added to another thing but not essentially a part of it
adjunct<>essential element
附属部分<>基本部分

ad lib

adv. 没有限制地,即兴地
without restraint or limit , to speak, sing, or act without a script, saying whatever words
come into one's mind

adroit

adj. 熟练的,机捷的
having or showing skill, cleverness, or resourcefulness in handling situations
adroit<>ungainly
ham-handed<>deft/adroit
笨手笨脚的<>敏捷熟练的/灵巧的
room.

adulterate

vt. 掺假
to corrupt, debase, or make impure by the addition of a foreign or inferior substance or
element stickler
sway 尚未确证】
unalloyed<>adulterated
未掺杂的,纯粹的<>掺假的
tainted<>unadulterated
弄脏的<>无法搀杂的

adumbrate

vt. 画轮廓, 预示, 隐约预示
to suggest or disclose partially
revelation<>adumbration
显示,揭露<>有保留的揭示
skeleton, skeletonize

adversary

n. 敌手,对手
ally<>adversary
联盟<>敌手,对手
adversary, the Joker.

aerate

v. 充气,让空气进入
to supply (the blood) with oxygen by respiration
aerate<>remove air from
空气<>放出空气

affidavit

n. 宣誓书
a sworn statement in writing made especially under oath or on affirmation before an
authorized magistrateor officer
affidavit.

affiliate

v. (使...)加入, 接受为会员
to bring or receive into close connection as a member or branch
to bring or receive into close connection as a member or branch
affiliation<>dissociation
结盟<>分开
aligned<>not affiliated
排一线的<>不相连的
with his colleagues.

affinity

n. 密切关系, 吸引力, 姻亲关系, 亲合力
likeness based on relationship or causal connection
affinity<>aversion
亲密关系<>厌恶
repugnance<>affinity
令人厌恶<>吸引力
affinity<>antipathy
吸引力<>厌恶
similitude
landscape, her paintings of urban subjects attest to her longtime residency in New York
City.

afflict

vt. 使痛苦, 折磨
will lower them in others' esteem; rightly handled, however, candor may actually enhance
one's standing.

aggrandize

vt. 增加,夸大
aggrandize<>disparage
赞扬<>贬低
aggrandize<>relegate
扩大权势地位<>降级
扩大权势地位<>降级
efface<>aggrandize
抹掉<>增加
aggrandize<>undermine
加强<>破坏
sublime, uprear
his power to act aggressively in international affairs without considering the wishes of
Congress.

aggravate

vt. 加重,恶化
aggravate<>alleviate
恶化,加重<>减轻,缓和
console<>aggravate grief
抚慰,安慰<>加重悲伤
allay<>increase the intensity of/aggravate/intensify
缓和<>加重
succor<>aggravate
援助<>恶化
assuage<>aggravate
缓和<>加重

aggrieve

vt. 使委屈,使苦恼,侵害
aggrieve<>gratify
使委屈<>使满足
aggrieved<>buoyant
愤愤不平的<>高兴的

alacrity

n. 敏捷,轻快,渴望
alacrity<>dilatoriness/hesitance
敏捷<>拖延/踌躇
alacrity<>recalcitrance
乐意,欣然(敏捷)<>倔强,不服从
alacrity<>hesitance and reluctance
乐意(敏捷,欣然)<>犹豫和不情愿
alacrity<>reluctant
乐意(敏捷,欣然)<>犹豫和不情愿
alacrity<>sluggish
his master.

albino

n. 白公,白化病者,白化变种(albinism)
an organism exhibiting deficient pigmentation

alchemy

n. 炼金术, 魔力
a medieval chemical science and speculative philosophy aiming to achieve the
transmutation of the base metals into gold, the discovery of a universal cure for disease,
and the discovery of a means of indefinitely prolonging life

allegory

n. 寓意;寓言
the expression by means of symbolic fictional figures and actions of truths or
generalizations abouthuman existence
parable
the banks of the Nile," she confuses "allegory" and "allegator" in a typical malapropism.
alleviate v.缓和,减轻
RELIEVE, LESSEN
alleviate<>exacerbate
减轻<>恶化
alleviate <>increase intensity
减轻<>加强

alliterate

v. 押头韵
the repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or
syllables

allude

vi. 暗示,间接提到
allude<>mention explicitly
暗示,暗指<>明白的提及
more precise than the figurative language of fiction, the language of science, like all
language, is inherently allusive.

aloof

adj. 冷淡的, 孤零的
removed or distant either physically or emotionally
removed or distant either physically or emotionally
gregarious<>aloof
群居的<>疏远的
aloof<>intimacy
疏远的<>亲密的
cool,reserved,solitary,standoffish,unapproachable,unbending,uncompanionable
she felt his aloofness indicated a lack of openness.

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