the process by which one state with superior military strength and more advanced technoligy imposes its control on the land, resources, and technology of a less developed region.
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, religious, and cultural principles in another territory.
1889- Italians were defeated by the Ethiopians here.
Hotly disputed over region in Southern Africa, originally founded by the Dutch but taken over by the British in 1977. Struggles between British and Dutch led to Boer War.
1880's, founded british policy in S. Africa. Founded diamond and gold companies that monopolized production of these precious entities. Named Rhodesia after himself. Believed that Anglo-Saxons were the best race of all. Imperialist ambitions led to downfall in 1896 when he tried to overthrow Boar govt. of S. African Rep. w/o Brit. Approval.
The White Man's Burden
The notion of a white man's duty to clean and civilize the inferior colored races.
a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites
The Fashoda Affairs
Before WWI, Britain and France clashed over control of the Sudan in this conflict. Because both nations feared Germany more than each other, they agreed to a peaceful settlement. Britain gave France a free hand in Morocco and France confirmed British dominance in the Sudan.
The Great Trek
1835 Boar Migration from South Africa to Transvaal, and Orange Free State
King Leopold II
Belgian King who chose to take over the Congo in 1876. Took all of Congo's resources for himself, such as Ivory and Rubber. Enslaved Congo population. Rubber Boom in 1890's killed 10 million Congo people.
The Boar War
The British in South Africa. British imprisoned the Dutch, ironically using the same tactic they'd used in Africa, causing outrage worldwide 1899-1902
The belief that some races (white) were superior to other races (colored), and that it was the white man's duty to 'civilize' the inferior. Taken to an extreme, this theory claimed that the inferior races would soon die out.
Term introduced to postcolonist theory by Edward Said and refers to the creation of non-European stereotypes that suggest "Orientals" or Asians are indolent, thoughtless, sexually immoral, unreliable and demented.
The Dual Mandate
Frederick Lugal obligated to civilize native populations and also to open the door to material improvements brought on by western technology
The Boxer Rebellion
1900-1901 "Society of Harmonious Fists" whose aim was to push the foreigners out of China.
The Union of South Africa
Created in 1910, it was a fully self-governing dominion within the British Empire
expropriates the land, uses the topsoil, exploits the native people. Only 1 percent of German investments and 5 percent of French investments was invested in colonies.
A politician and philosopher who argued that imperialism was dangerous because it put all the nation's resources at risk for the benefits of one person.
a German citizen who made a private initiative in Africa and relied completely on Germany to come save him if anything went wrong.
The Berlin Conference of 1884-1885
An open congress to all ppl. Congo was divided between France and Belgium. British controlled Uganda and Kenya.
Italy's war with Ethiopia began here.
British obtained this city in 1842
East Asian region captured by France in 1887