Med Term chaper 1

Created by cvermilion 

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65 terms

Palpation

Examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, consistency, and location of certain body parts.

ologist

Specialist

Myelopathy

Describes any pathologic change or disease in the SPINAL CORD

myc/o

Fungus

Mucous

Describes the specialized mucous membranes that line the body cavities

Laceration

A torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound

Inflammation--Infam--Inflamm

Is localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues

Ilium

Part of the hip bone

otomy

Cutting or a surgical incision

Appendix or Appendices

Hangs from the lower portion of the cecum/plays an important role in the Immune System

Suppuration

The formation or discharge of pus

Pyr/o

Fever or Fire

Syndrome

A set of the signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process

Symptom

Subjective evidence of a disease, such as pain or headache

Super or -Supra (prefix)

Above or Excessive

ot/o

Ear

rhin/o (combining form)

Nose

Arthritis

Inflamation of Joint

A combining form

A root word with a vowel at the end so that a suffix beginning with a consonant can be added. When combining form appears alone it is shown with a / between the word root & Combining vowel.....EX: gastr/o

oste/o

Bone

gram

A picture or record

plasty

surgical repair

ather/o

plaque or fatty substance

arthr/o

Joint

rrhage or rrhagia

Bleeding

Myorrhexis

the rupture of a muscle

inter (prefix)

between or among

sub (prefix)

under, less, below

ectomy

surgical removal

ostomy

surgical creation of an artifical opening to the bosy surface

sign

objective evidence of disease such as fever

itis

Inflammation

leuk/o

White

Tonsillectomy

The surgical removal of the tonsils

A word root

contains the basic meaning of the term....usually indicates the involved body part.

scopy

Visual examination

malacia

Abnormal Softening

megaly

Enlargement

Sclerosis

abnormal hardening

Abdominocentesis

surgical puncture of the abdomen to remove fluid

Cyanosis

Bluish color of the skin, nail beds, and/or lips due to an insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood

Angiography

X-ray imaging of blood vessels after injection of contrast material

Gastralgia

pain in the stomach.

Gastritis

inflammation of the lining of the stomach

Hepatomegaly

abnormal enlargement of the liver

Hypertension

a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)

Intramuscular

Pertaining to within a muscle

Interstitial

between, but not within, the parts of a tissue

Lesion

any break in the skin or an organ caused by violence or surgical incision

Myopathy

any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue

Neuritis

inflammation of a nerve accompanied by pain and sometimes loss of function

Pyoderma

any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo

Pathology

the scientific study of disease

Supracostal

Pertaining to above the ribs

Poliomyelitis

an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord--Gray Matter--

AP

appendectomy or appendicitis

CFS

Chrionic Fatigue Syndrome

DG, Dg, Diag, diag, DX, Dx

Diagnosis

D/D, DD, DDx, diaf. diag

differential diagnosis

He

hemorrhage

Inflam, Inflamm

Inflammation

IM

Intramuscular

PA, Pa, path

pathology

PN

Postnatal

prog, prong, Prx, Px

prognosis

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