Belief people are "predestined"
An intense personal experience where God reveals your heavenly destiny
Similarities between North and West colonies
Allegiance to England, common language
Promise of riches; tobacco
Differences between North and South colonies
Economies, political systems, values, patterns of settlement
Those destined for eternal bliss
Those who have had a conversion and were expected to lead sanctified lives
Agreed to form a crude government and submit to the will of majority
semi-calvinists in England hoping to "purify" the church.
Who signed the Mayflower Compact?
41 males; 11 mister, 2 seamen
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Biggest and most influential New England outpost
Adult males who belonged to the Puritan congregations
Who could vote in elections?
Who could NOT vote in elections?
Unchurched men and any women
Founded Massachusetts Bay Colony
What couldn't clergymen do?
Hold political office
-Had a "calling" to do God's work
-Serious commitment to work, engaged in worldly pursuits
-Enjoyed simple pleasures: Ate, drank, sang songs
Stated there was "no need to obey God or man", charged with heresy; was banned and all but one of her household killed by Indians
What effect did Anne Hutchinson's death have on Winthrop?
He "saw God's hand" in her death
English clergyman and colonist who was expelled from Massachusetts for criticizing Puritanism; Founded Providence and obtained a royal charter for Rhode Island
Complete freedom of religion; most liberal in the New World
A constitution for Connecticut River Colony
Womponoag who knew English
Indians led by Massasoit who signed a treaty with the Plymouth Pilgrims
Massasoit's son; "King Phillip"
King Phillips War
Massasoit formed pan-Indian alliance and began assaults in English villages
Effects of King Phillip's War
Slowed Westward march of English settlement. 52 villages attacked, 12 entirely destroyed
Bay colonists wanted Pequot land Connecticut for themselves. English and Narragansett allies set fire to Winwams and shot survivors to end war.
New England Confederation
4 colonies banded together to defend against attacks.
Led Dominion of New England. Disliked for being openly anglican; strict navigation laws. Generated much hostility
Period of time where navigation laws less strictly enforced
Dominion of New England
Defended against attacks from foes.
Why were Quakers unpopular?
Wouldn't support church of England, unconventional thinking, refused military service
attracted to Quaker faith; set up a Quaker establishment in the New World called Pennsylvania