American public official, writer, scientist, and printer. After the success of his Poor Richard's Almanac (1732-1757), he entered politics and played a major part in the American Revolution. Franklin negotiated French support for the colonists, signed the Treaty of Paris (1783), and helped draft the Constitution (1787-1789). His numerous scientific and practical innovations include the lightning rod, bifocal spectacles, and a stove.
The first bloodshed of the American Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five Americans
Boston Tea Party
protest against increased tea prices in which colonists dumped British tea into Boston harbor
The exchange of goods and ideas between Native Americans and Europeans
the first battle of the American Revolution (April 19, 1775)
Spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
a series of military expeditions in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by Western European Christians to reclaim control of the Holy Lands from the Muslims
French and Indian War
a war in North America between France and Britain (both aided by Indian tribes)
Virginian, patriot, general, and president. Lived at Mount Vernon. Led the Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the United States.
First permanent English settlement in North America
town in eastern Massachusetts near Boston where the first battle of the American Revolution was fought
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
Revival of learning or "rebirth" that ocurred in Europe between 1300 and 1600
American Revolutionary leader and patriot
First Spanish settlement. Florida 1565
the imposition of taxes
Virginian, architect, author, governor, and president. Lived at Monticello. Wrote the Declaration of Independence. Second governor of Virgina. Third president of the United States. Designed the buildings of the University of Virginia.
Virginia House of Burgesses
Set-up the first representative government group in the American colonies.