← Earth Science - Chapter 1 Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All Science From Latin word scire, "to know" Theory The most logical explanation for events that happen in nature. Experiments should confirm theories. Law A theory or explanation that has been tested many times and is generally accepted to be true. Scientific Method A systematic approach to problem solviing Steps of Scientific Method 1. State the problem 2. Gather information 3. Form a hypothesis 4. Experiment 5. Record and analyze data 6. State a conclusion Hypothesis A proposed solution to a scientific problem. A educated guess variable the one thing that is being tested at a time Experiment to test or establisha hypothesis or illustrate a known law Control experiment exactly like the experiment but withouth the variable. data Observations, measurements and statistics Geology The study of the earth's origin, history and stucture. Meteorolgy The study of the earth's atmosphere, weather and climate. Oceanography the study of the earth's oceans, including physical features, life forms and natural resources. Astronomy the study of planets, stars and others objects in space.