Intro Unit of Geography

34 terms by hwhitmore98 

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human geography

the study of humans and the ways they live, the things they value and believe, and how they affect and are affected by the environment.

physical geography

the study of all the things in the natural environment and how they affect humans and are affected by human beings.

culture

the shared values, beliefs, and ways of society. Gives roles to individuals, helps create one's identity and creates relationships within groups

cultural traits

the individual characteristics of a culture.

change

happens slowly; traits are always being added.

innovation

new ideas and ways to do things that are accepted

diffusion

when a trait spreads through a society and to another

domestication

plants and animals grown for use by humans

subsistence farming

growing only enough to feed yourself and family; poverty

commercial farming

growing food for the purpose of selling it

racism

hatred or dislike simply towards another person's race

Prejudice

(mental action) base opinions of an individual because of a group to which he or she belongs. Also based on real or imagined differences between groups. Usually benefits the dominant group at the expense of minorities.

stereotype

(opinion) Judgment about an individual based on the real or imagined characteristics of a group. Prejudices put people in these.

discrimination

(Action) occurs when Prejudices are translated into actions.

Geography

the relationship between the earth and people

maps

created and advanced with more exploration and travel. Began with greeks documenting trade routes to pass on to other people

simple maps

resources

Thales

the first greek person to measure distances on these documents (maps) and is known as the Father of Map Making.

cartography

the study of maps

cartographers

map makers

map projection

different ways of presenting a round earth on a flat surface

interrupted

accurate shapes and sizes, but bad for navigation and distances

mercator

accurate shapes and good for navigation, but distorts sizes in extreme latitudes

gall-peters

accurate sizes, but shapes are distorted

robinson

correct sizes and shapes but distorts edges

directional indicators

tells which ways N, S, E, W are

compass rose

a diagram of arrows that point to all four principle directions

Scale

represents distance between 2 points on a map

legend/key

explains what symbols mean

inset map

used to show a small portion of a larger map

grid

pattern of lines that circle the earth in east and west and north and south directions

grid system

lines of longitude and latitude measured in degrees

coordinates

the name of the absolute location of a place using latitude and longitude

hemisphere

half a sphere. Splits N/S at the Equator:
Northern hemisphere
Southern hemisphere
Splits E/W at the Prime Meridian called the International Date Line
Eastern Hemisphere
Western Hemisphere

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