A polite or vague word or phrase used to replace another word or phrase that is thought of as too direct or rude.
Ex: The room where the toilet is. My dog passed away.
A narrative device that hints at coming events: often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.
The use of exaggeration for emphasis not meant to be taken literally.
Ex: Someday I'll have tons of money. She cried a flood of tears.
A figure of speech that compares 2 unlike things by saying that one thing is the other.
Ex: The world is a stage.
A figure of speech that compares 2 unlike things in order to describe something but uses the word "like" or "as".
Ex: The fullback was built LIKE a tank. She stood as still AS a statue.
The use of a word whose sound imitates or suggest its meaning.
Ex: crash, bang, hiss, crunch, buzz
Personification(special kind of metaphor)
When you give something that is nonhuman or nonliving(animals, plants, forces of nature, or abstract thoughts like love) human attributes and qualities.
Ex: Love is kind. The leaves danced along the sidewalk.
Imagery/sensory Language(same thing)
Language that appeals to the five senses: sight, sound, taste, smell, and touch.
The contrast between what is excpected and what really happens.
Ex: A shoemaker wears shoes with holes in them.
A vocabulary strategy in which the reader looks at the words around an unfamiliar word to find clues to its meaning.
Commonly used expressions that are not literally true; figure of speech.
Ex:" break a leg";"piece of cake";"fell in love"
The attitude a writer takes towards an audience, subject, or character. TIP: look at the writer's choice of words and details.
Ex: light and humorous;serious and sad.
the overall emotion created be the work of literature
Ex: eerie, dreamy, mysterious, depressing
a person, place, a thing, or an event that has its own meaning AND stands for something beyond itself as well
Ex: skull and crossbones, dove, red rose
Point of View
The vantage point from which the story is told.
!st Person POV
one of the characters is telling the story; uses pronouns I, my, we, us
3rd Person Omniscient POV
the narrator knows everything about everyone, incl. emotions and thoughts;uses pronouns him, her, they, them
3rd Person Limited POV
the narrator focuses on the thoughts and feelings of 1 character; you see the story from this character's eyes only