State board Esthetician Test

110 terms by t1ffanyly62

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what layer is above the stratum lucidum

the stratum corneum

Where do you start and end the cleansing process?

Start at neck/end of temple

what causes hyperpigmentation?

Peels,sun exposure

what is the distance between 2 eyes?

1 eye

If ph 7 is neutral, and you have a ph of 9,how many times more alkaline is it?

100 times

Distilled water has a ph of?

7.0

Disease causing bacteria?

pathogenic

What causes abscesses and boils?

staphylococci

Example of a local infection?

pimples,abscess

Bones that form the cheekbones?

Zygomatic

What muscle covers the chest?

Pectoralis pectoral mayor

Cell division is called?

Mitosis

Extrinsic aging is caused by?

External factors

Intrinsic aging is caused by?

internal factors

Does sun exposure cause aging?

Most aging is caused by the sun

What is the largest bone of the mouth region?

Mandible

What is the study of skin diseases and histology?

Dermatology

To disinfect hands, you must what type of decontamination?

sanitation

When an acid and alkali is mixed you get?

A salt and water

The largest organ of the body is?

the skin

What causes the most allergic reactions?

fragrances

How would you handle a blood spill during a service?

Stop immediately and clean injured area

What is the Fitzpatrick scale used for?

Determining skin type

What is the magnifying lamp used for?

to increase view of skin

Why do we analyze the skin?

To know what treatment to give

What do we call an exfoliate that is rolled or massaged off?

Gommage

How do we apply a paraffin mask to the face?

A brush

How do sunscreens work?

Reflect sunlight

What is the purpose of face powder after the application of foundation?

Set foundation

How far should the steamer be?

15-18 inches

How many metacarpals in 1 hand?

5

Muscle that covers the bridge of the nose?

procerus

What covers the skeletal system?

Muscular system

What is the muscle that covers the upper back and back of neck?

trapezius

What is a vehicle that helps to spread agents onto the skin?

emollients

The study of hair is called?on

trichology

The largest organ of the body?

the skin

What occupies space?

matter

What happens if you wash your face to often?

dehydration

What layer contains keratin?

stratum corneum

Glands that excrete perspiration?

suderiferous

Glands that excrete sebum?

sebaceous

This layer connects the dermis and the epidermis?

papillary

A cluster of boils is known as a?

carbuncles

Redness,dilation of blood vessels is a condition associated with?

Rosacea

Sebum trapped by dead skin cells is known as?

millia

Severe oiliness of he skin?

seborrhea

An open comedone is referred to as a?

blackhead

During the Elizabethan period of the Renaissance what was in style?

Facial masks

The most stimulating facial massage?

Tapotement or percussion

What level of decontamination is it when we was our hands?

sanitation

In which direction to we massage the face?

Insertion to origin

Broad muscle extending from the chest and shoulder to the chin?

Platysma

One of the fattiest oils used in skin care is?

coconut

What are the fatty alcohols?

Fatty acids that have been exposed to hydrogen

Collagen makes up how much of the dermis?

70%

Ethnic skin that is more prone to sensitivities?

Asian

Ethnic skin more prone to pigmentation problems?

Black skin

A face that has a greater length in portion to its width than a square or round face?

oblong

The technical name for an eyelash hair?

Cilia

The application of false individual lashes is known as?

Eye tabbing

What is the effect of the hair if using the galvanic electrolysis method?

Decomposition

The only recognized permanent hair removal?

Electrolysis

What does the Fitzpatrick scale measure?

Skin's ability to tolerate sun exposure

What pathogenic agents produce pus?

Any cocci bacteria (staphylococci, streptococci)

What would be the cause of hormonal hyperpigmentation?

Intrinsic causes

What does ultraviolet do?

Disinfect

What is a pearl-like mass of sebum trapped under the skin?

milia

What skin cancer is characterized by pearly nodules?

Basel cell carcinoma

How does electrolysis produces heat to destroy the hair follicle?

Electrocoagulation

The suderiferous glands excrete?

excess salt and water

What skin do you not use with vacuum suction?

Couperose

What ethnic skin ages the slowest?

Black skin

Fitzpatrick scale measures?

The skin's ability to tolerate the sun

Where should implements be stored after each use?

Clean,closed container.

A substance that has the ability to attract water?

Humectant

A plant that has antiseptic properties and is used in skin treatments?

peppermint

Symptoms that can be observed are known as?

objective

What plant is stimulating in action?

Eucalyptus

A deposit of fat,water and waste?

Cellulite

A plant extract with soothing and calming properties?

Chamomille

Hair's final stage of growth?

Telogen

What is the purpose clay mask?

Draw out impurities

Thin opening of chapped skin?

Fissure

At what angle would you use a lancet?

45 degrees

What is the result of anaphoresis on the skin?

Alkaline

A pigment that gives of a yellow color?

Carotene

The system that aides the blood system?

Lymph vascular

The fluid part of blood in which red and white blood cells and platelets flow?

plasma

Ozone contains how many atoms of oxygen?

3

Examples of hard keratin?

Hair and nails

Protective layer that cushions and gives contour and smoothness to body?

subcaneous

The high frequency rod is made up of?

glass

The use of plants for therapeutic purposes?

phytotherapy

An ingredient used to tighten and tone the skin?

honey

Redness caused by inflammation?

Erythema

A cell responsible for immune protection of the skin?

Langerhan cell

IN which direction to clean a man's face?

Downward

Best stage to wax hair or perform electrolysis?

Anagen

Sebaceous glands are mostly found in?

chin,nose,cheeck and back

Asymptomatic means?

No visual symptoms

"Quats"

Quaternary ammonium compound

"MSDS"

Material safety data sheet

The two types that are used in salons and spas are chemical disinfectants and hospital-grade disinfectants are also know by?

Tuberculocidal

Tuerculocidal disinfectants are proven to kill the bacteria that cause?

Tuberculosis

"Cocci"

Are round shaped bacteria

"staphylococci"

Pus forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes.

Diplococci"

Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia

"Bacilli"

Are short,rod shaped bacteria.

"Spirilla"

Are spiral of corkscrew-shaped bacteria.

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