5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Treaty of Amiens
- Joséphine de Beauharnais
- Thermidorian Reaction
- a A revolt against Robespierre (#144) and the Terror (#154), it was a conservative reaction that ended in the end of the Reign of Terror and established a new Convention (#134) government, which was far more right-wing than those previous. It was succeeded by the Directory (#161) in fall 1795.
- b Napoleon's (#170) first wife, Josephine (1763-1814) was extremely popular, but also had to put up with Napoleon's numerous dalliances. He divorced her in 1810 due to her inability to have children.
- c philosophical/scientific doctrine, with heavy basis in Cartesian thought (#18), which questions the reliability of claims by subjecting them to rigorous testing and investigation. In philosophy, it is the idea never to make a truth claim (including the claim that truth is impossible which is itself a truth claim!). Ambrose Bierce and Voltaire (#43) were notable skeptics.
- d French Revolutionary currency issued by the Constituent Assembly (#120) after 1790, they were needed because the government was bankrupt. They persisted until 1803, when Napoleon (#170) introduced the franc as the new French currency.
- e Signed in 1802 between France and Britain, it ended the constant war between those two countries that had been going on for the past nine years. Britain, in spite of losing her allies, still gained concessions from France due to Nelson's (#164) victory at Copenhagen not long before.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The French civil code, established by Emperor Napoleon I (#170) in 1804, it was the first successful codification of law outside of the old Roman Empire. It notably prohibited ex post facto (or retroactive) laws and established the supremacy of the husband as compared to the wife (Note: only legally. Please don't hurt me.).
- A French ancien regime (#80) assembly consisting of the three Estates (nobility, clergy, and commoners), it was mainly used to rubber-stamp the King's wishes until 1789. When Louis XVI (#99) asked for more money, the Third Estate was given the same weight of vote as the others, and walked out in protest (#111).
- Created by sans culotte (#147) women, this group lasted six months before it was shut down.
- Mainly used to refer to the subset of truth relativism, relativism is the idea that no truths are absolute. The RCC especially and many religions in general oppose this idea.
- The British response to the Milan Decree (#183), it was in effect permission for the Royal Navy to blockade French and Continental ports. This would have the indirect effect of helping cause the War of 1812.
5 True/False Questions
Committee of Public Safety → Fought on 21 October 1805 as part of the War of the Third Coalition (#176), it saw an outnumbered British fleet under Nelson (#164) attack and defeat a combined Franco-Spanish fleet off the southern coast of Spain. The significance: Napoleon (#170) would never have the chance or the ability to invade England again, and was forced to turn to Continental victories.
Bastille → A book on education written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (#68), Emile concerns the ideal system of educating a child, stating that children start out pure, but are corrupted by the company that they keep and the things they are taught. Argued that a child's education should follow their natural curiosity. It is still a widely read and taught tract by many educational authorities worldwide.
Jacques Necker → Finance minister to Louis XVI (#99), Necker is known for his daughter (the famous Madame de Staël) and for his economic reforms in France, which involved dividing up the taille (#103, which had much popularity since everyone hated the taille) and assumption of some debt. The King tried to use him to calm the rebels, but he treated the assembly poorly, only requesting loans instead of enacting reforms, and was dismissed.
Abbé Sieyès → A great French political theorist and statesman, Abbé Sieyès (1748 - 1836) wrote What is the Third Estate? in 1789, which really fired up the soon-to-be Revolutionaries. He also helped instigate the Coup of 18 Brumaire (#168).
On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres → Full title: Exercitatio Anatomica de Motu Cordis et Sanguinis in Animalibus (English: An Anatomical Exercise of the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals). Written by Harvey (#35) in 1628, it stated that the heart pumped blood, which then went through the body before returning to the heart again, which pumped it to the lungs, then back to the heart, then out to the body again.