5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Edict of Tolerance
- Jonathan Swift
- St. Helena
- non-juring [refractory] clergy
- Law of Gravitation
- a Possibly the most famous English satirist and author of Gulliver's Travels and A Modest Proposal, Swift (1667 - 1745) was a clergyman and Irishman, which often made hilarious impact in his writings (such as A Tale of a Tub and the aforementioned Modest Proposal).
- b Term used for the bishops and clergy who didn't accept the Civil Constitution (#127), they were mostly in western France and helped incite the uprisings in the Vendee (#148) against the various Revolutionary governments.
- c The final location of Napoleon's (#170) exile following the Hundred Days (#198), it was where he finally died in 1821.
- d Also formulated by Newton (#10) and published in Principia Mathematica (#12), it states that every single point mass in the universe attracts every other point mass along a line drawn between the two, the force of which is proportional to the two masses.
- e Issued in 1782 by Josef II (#49), it repealed anti-Jewish legislation in the Holy Roman Empire and was supposed to "make the Jewish nation useful and serviceable to the State".
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Taken on 20 June 1789 by the National Assembly, it was in response to the King's Guards' blocking of the Third Estate from the Estates General (#107). They pledged to not separate until the security of the French government was guaranteed.
- An island off the northern coast of Italy, close to Corsica. Napoleon (#170) was exiled here in 1814 following defeats at Leipzig (#190) and the fall of Paris, but returned to Europe in the Hundred Days (#198).
- Created by the Treaty of Pressburg that ended the War of the Third Coalition (#176), it was a large grouping of 16 German states under a French puppet ruler. It helped lay the groundwork for greater German unity later on, and also destroyed the last vestiges of the Holy Roman Empire.
- Signed by Napoleon (#170), it reaffirmed the RCC as the official church and religion of France, and restored some Church property. However, the Church was still far outbalanced by Bonaparte's power.
- An Italian nobleman and political thinker, the Marquis of Beccaria (1738 - 94) wrote On Crimes and Punishment (#97), an important work in criminology that condemned the death penalty.
5 True/False Questions
a priori → Essentially a feudal style tax paid by labor, it was abolished in ancien regime France (#80) in 1789 not long after the Revolution began.
Louis XVIII → King of France and Navarre from 1814 to 1824, he was the restored Bourbon King who initially tried to reverse the effects of the Revolution, and was unseated in the Hundred Days (#198). Later, he would prove a fairly moderate King until the 1820s, during which he would turn ultraconservative.
Treaty of Campo Formio → Signed on a raft in the Niemen River between Alexander I (#195) and Napoleon I (#170), it ended the War of the Fourth Coalition (#189) (1806-7) and featured an agreement by the Russians and French to aid each other in disputes. However, Napoleon emasculated the lands of many German states, including Prussia, here, and basically guaranteed another war as soon as he was weakened.
Jean-Paul Marat → A journalist and scientist, as well as an associate Jacobin (#124), Marat (1743-93) helped launch the Reign of Terror (#154) and complied death lists, being an advocate of violent measures. He was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday, immortalized in the David (#91) painting The Death of Marat.
Treaty of Amiens → Signed in 1802 between France and Britain, it ended the constant war between those two countries that had been going on for the past nine years. Britain, in spite of losing her allies, still gained concessions from France due to Nelson's (#164) victory at Copenhagen not long before.