5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Vindication of the Rights of Woman
- levée en masse
- Napoleonic Code
- Congress of Vienna
- a Written by Wollstonecraft (#118) in response to Emile (#69) and Declaration of the Rights of Woman (#123), it advocated equality between men and woman and equal education for boys and girls. Many feminists of the time distanced themselves from this work due to the author's personal controversy.
- b Lasting through 1814-5, it was a meeting by the various powers of Europe to decide what to do after the fall of Napoleon (#170). The Congress mainly featured the excellent French diplomat Talleyrand (#196) successfully fending off the Allied attempts to carve up French territory.
- c The French civil code, established by Emperor Napoleon I (#170) in 1804, it was the first successful codification of law outside of the old Roman Empire. It notably prohibited ex post facto (or retroactive) laws and established the supremacy of the husband as compared to the wife (Note: only legally. Please don't hurt me.).
- d Term used for the general French conscription of the 1790s (officially initiated in August 1793), it provided upwards of 800,000 soldiers for the Revolutionary armies and was a major development in modern warfare, allowing huger and more massive armies to be fielded.
- e Fought on June 18, 1815 between Napoleon (#170) and the Duke of Wellington (#187), it ended in a decisive Allied defensive victory and the end of the Hundred Days (#198).
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Third of the British Hanoverian monarchs, George (1738 - 1820, r. 1760 - 1820), George brought first Great Britain and later the United Kingdom through the Seven Years' (and French and Indian) War, American Revolution, and the Revolutionary/Napoleonic Wars. He suffered from porphyria and probably couldn't care less about the American colonies, having them or no, taxing them or no.
- Quotable Quote of René Descartes (#18), it simply means "I think, therefore I am." Laid out in his book Discourse on Method.
- The leading Jacobin (#124) and head of the CPS (#151), Robespierre (1758-94) initiated the Reign of Terror (#154), but after Danton's (#142) execution, he was in turn guillotined (#140) during the Thermidorian Reaction (#160).
- A religious philosophy prominent in England, France, and the U.S. in the 18th and 19th centuries, deism is the belief that supernatural events, revelations, and holy books are all false, and that God is revealed through reason and observation of the natural world. After creating the world God is a passive observer.
- Also called simply induction, it is the process by which the premises of an argument are believed to support the conclusion but do not ensure it. It was the real foundation of the Scientific Revolution. Examples: formulation of scientific laws; statement "All observed crows are black, therefore all crows are black.
5 True/False Questions
relativism → Mainly used to refer to the subset of truth relativism, relativism is the idea that no truths are absolute. The RCC especially and many religions in general oppose this idea.
Brunswick Manifesto → Occurring on 18 Brumaire VIII (9 November 1799), it was the overthrow of the Directory (#161) by Napoleon and the establishment of the Consulate (#172). It was heralded by the incident of 30 Prairial (18 June), when Abbe Sieyes (#108) ridded himself of the other four Directors.
taille → A prison for political prisoners in Paris, it was stormed by a crowd of bread rioters on 14 July 1789, signifying that the power of Louis XVI was irrelevant compared to the power of the sans culottes (#147).
The Spirit of the Laws → Also known as the Battle of Aboukir Bay and fought on the night of August 1-2, 1798, Nelson (#164) and the British fleet defeated the French fleet in Egypt, preventing Napoleon (#170) from further victory in the Middle East.
Battle of Austerlitz → The bloodiest single-day battle of the Napoleonic Wars, it was fought on 7 September 1812 between the French and Russians in western Russia. Nearly 100,000 casualties were suffered in total during a French frontal attack against fortified infantry. After this battle, immortalized in War and Peace, Napoleon (#170) had little chance of conquering Russia.