Bacterial infection of the bone or bone marrow, spread from the blood and tissue
Inflammation of the joints
The end of a long bone
Main shaft like portion of a bone
Immature bone cells that actively produce bony tissue
Large bone cells that absorb or digest old bone tissue
Mature bone cells, help to maintain bone
Red bone marrow
The soft, semi-fluid substance located in the small spaces of cancellous bone that is the source of blood cell production (hematopoeisis)
Yellow bone marrow
Located in the diaphysis of long bones. Consists of fatty tissue and is inactive in the formation of blood cells
A strong fibrous band of tissue that extends from muscle and attaches it to a bone by becoming continuous with the periosteum.
The muscle that makes up the muscular wall of the heart.
Visceral, single nucleus, striation is not visible, involuntary, found in the walls of hollow internal organs of the body such as stomach and intestines as well as blood vessels.
Many little fiber strands. Has a striped appearance under microscope. Example is skeletal muscles. Can by polynucleated (skeletal) or not (cardiac)
The visualization of the interior of a joint with and endoscope. Can be used to obtain a biopsy.
Build up of uric acid that deposits in the joints. Body is unable to properly process uric acid.
Porous bones, become fragile due to loss of bone density
Club Foot, congenital defect in which the infant's foot is fixed in plantar flexion position and deviates medially (turned inward with the heel elevated.
Lateral curvature of the spine
There is a break in the bone but no open would in the skin; also known as a simple fracture
There is a break that extends through the entire thickness of the bone.
There is a break in the bone that does not extend through the entire thickness of the bone; one side is broken and the other side is bent
It causes the bone surfaces to be forced against each other (happens to the vertebrae in osteoporosis)
Occurs when a direct force causes the bone to break
Occurs when the force is so great that it splinters or crushes a segment of the bone
Occurs at the lower end of the radius within one inch where the wrist bone connects
A bending motion. Decreases the angle between two bones. (Like when we flex our biceps brachii)
A straightening motion. Increases the angle between two bones. (Like when we kick someone is the gluteus maximus)
Movement away from the midline of the body
distal interphalangeal joint
Surgical removal of a ganglion
Pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy
a group of muscular dystrophies characterized by enlargement (pseudohypertrophy) of muscles, most commonly Duchenne's muscular d. or Becker's muscular d.
Muscle located at the angle of the jaw, also raised the mandible and closes the jaw. It is used when biting and chewing.
AKA cancellous bone or Spongy Bone. The spaces between the trabeculae are filled with red bone marrow.
The thick white fibrous membrane that covers the surface of the long bone except at joint surfaces.
The hard out shell of the bone. It lies just under the periosteum.
(marrow cavity) contains yellow marrow. In the center of the hollow area of the compact bone.
The conversion of fibrous connective tissue and cartilage into bone or a bony substance. (This is what the osteoblasts do.)
Located just above the larynx and below the mandible. It does not connect with any other bone but is suspended from the temporal bone by ligaments. Serves as a point of attachment for muscles of the tongue and throat.
Kyphosis. Is an abnormal outward curvature of a portion of the spine, commonly known as a humpback or hunchback.
Movement towards the midline of the body
Movement that involves the turning of a bone on its own axis. (head side to side)
The act of turning the palm up or forward
The act of turning the palm down or backward
Narrows the angle between the leg and the top of the foot (foot bent backwards or upward at the ankle)
The foot increases the angle between the leg and the top of the foot (the foot is bend downward at the ankle with the toes pointing downward as in ballet dancing)
The movement of an extremity around in a circular motion. Performed with the ball and socket joints (shoulder, hip)
Dual photon absorptiometry
Measures bone density with 2-3% accuracy.
Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry
Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry
A non invasive procedure that measures bone density. An X-ray machine generates the energy photons that pass through the bones. A computer then evaluates the amount of radiation absorbed by the bones and the findings are interpreted by a physician. Is the gold standard for bone density tests.
The surgical puncture of a joint with a needle for the purpose of withdrawing fluid for analysis
Surgical reconstruction (repair) of a joint
The process of x-raying the inside of a joint after a contrast medium has been injected into the joint
Fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone
Name the 3 structural classification of joints
The surfaces of the bones fit closely together and are held together by fibrous connective tissue. Immovable joint. (suture between bones, skull)
The bones are connected by cartilage, as in the symphysis (joint between the pubic bones of the pelvis) This type of joint allows limited movement
The bones have a space between them called the joint cavity. The joint cavity is lined with a synovial membrane, which secretes a thick lubricating fluid called the synovial fluid. The bones are held together by ligaments and the surfaces of the connecting bones are protected by a thin layer of cartilage called the articular cartilage.
Name two synovial joint functional classifications
Hinge joint and ball and socket
The point in which two individual bones connect. (aka joint)
The point in which two individual bones connect (aka articulation)
A chronic, systemic inflammatory disease that affects multiple joints of the body, mainly the small peripheral joints such as in those of the hands and feet.
A type of arthritis that affects the vertebral column. AKA Marie-Strumpell disease and as rheumatoid spondylitis. The teacher says it is also known as deformed spine. seriously?`
A disease in which the bones become abnormally soft due to a deficiency of calcium and phosphorous in the blood. In children it is known as rickets. Results in fractures and noticeable deformities of the weight bearing bones.
The first set of 7 ribs that are connected to the sternum
Rib sets 8-10 that are connected to the vertebrae in the back but not with the sternum in the front. Instead they attach to the cartilage of the rib above (the seventh rib)
The last two pair of ribs (11&12) that are connected to the vertebrae in the back but are completely free of attachment in the front
The somewhat spoon shaped projection of the scapula that connects with the clavicle to form the highest point of the shoulder
The sockets that serves as the connecting point for the femur and the hip. It is formed by segments of the ilium, ischium and the pubis.
The lower portion of the sternum
systemic lupus erythematosus
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Autoimmune. Chronic, inflammatory connective tissue disorder that affects the skin, organs, joints, nervous system, etc. Butterfly rash appears on both cheeks and across the nose in most cases
Erythrocyte sed rate. A blood test that measures the rate at which erythrocytes (red blood cells) settle to the bottom of a test tube filled with unclotted blood.
Caused by a bite from a deer tick. An acute inflammatory infection with flu like symptoms including, chills, fever, aching joints and muscles. Treated with antibiotics, often misdiagnosed.
aka hairline fracture
aka stress fracture.
Space between the bones of an infant's cranium. "Soft spot"
Name the 5 types of bones
Long bone, short bone, flat bone, irregular bone and sesamoid bone.
Name the 3 kinds of vertebrae and how many of each.
Cervical = 7, Thoracic = 12, Lumbar = 5
How many bones does the sacrum have?
5 fused together as one
How many bones does the coccyx have?
4 fused together as one
Long bone, short bone, flat bone, irregular bone and sesamoid bone
Name the 5 types of bones
Name the 3 structural classification of joints