Bone Marrow Aspiration
Is the process of removing a small sample of bone marrow from a selected site with a needle for the purpose of examining the specimen under a microsccope.
Predominately in females, fragile bones, loss of bone density, decreased levels of estrogen and calcium.
A disease in which bones become abnormally soft due to decreased levels of calcium and phosphorus in the blood (rickets)
Also known as osteosarcoma; is most common malignant bone tumor with common sites being the distal femur, the proximal tibia, the proximal humerus.
A generalized infection of bone and bone marrow resulting from a bacterial infection
Dual photon absorptiometry
This procedure measures bone density within 2-3% accuracy of the bone's actual density
A malignant tumor of bones, common in young adults particularly adolescent boys
Most common benign bone marrow tumor, usually located within the bone marrow cavity
Involves the intravenous injection of a radioisotope, which is absorbed by the bone. After approximately three hours, the skeleton is scanned with a gamma camera (scanner), moving from one end of the body to the other. The scanner detects the areas where the bone absorbs the isotope and converts the radioactive image to a screen where the concentrations show up as pinpoint dots cast in the image of a skeleton.
Abnormal outward curvature of a portion of the spine, also known as humpback or hunchback.
Abnormal inward curvature of a portion of the spine, also known as swayback
Abnormal lateral (sideward) curvature of a portion of the spine.
DEXA Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry
This procedure measures the bone density more accurately than the dual photon absorptiometry, takes less time, and emits less radiation to the patient.
Non metabolic disease of the bone. Out of control of the osteoclast. Uncommon, causing excessive destruction of the bone structure due to the overaction of the osteoclast.