Pathology E1 Basic Path
|What is the purpose of the Plasma Membrane?|
| What do Intermediate Filaments do?|
What do Microtubules do?
| What is the nucleus?|
| What are mitochondria?|
Do cancer cells have mitochondria?
What are ribosomes?
Where are they?
| What is rough endoplasmic reticulum?|
What does smooth ER construct?
What is cytochrome P450 used for?
|What is the Golgi Apparatus?|
|What are lysosomes?|
| What is autocrine stimulation?|
What is paracrine stimulation?
What is endocrine stimulation?
|What are some examples of causes of cell injury?|
|What does cell injury pathology depend on?|
| What systems of the cell are vunerable to injury?|
What is an example of reversible cell injury?
| What is an example of irreversible cell injury?|
Disruption of nuclear fxn
Irreversible mitochondrial dysfunction
| What does ischemia look like?|
What does hypoxia look like?
| What is ischemia?|
What is hypoxia?
|Compare hypoxia with hypoxemia|
|What are some cellular adaptations?|
|What is atrophy?|
|What is hypertrophy?|
|What is hyperplasia?|
|What is metaplasia?|
|What is an example of metaplasia?|
|What is dysplasia?|
|What are two primary types of INTRAcellular adaptations?|
| What is dystrophic calcification?|
What is it often associated with?
| What is metastatic calcification?|
What are the major causes?
|What is necrosis?|
|What is apoptosis?|
|If the digestive enzymes found in a cellular lysosome were to leak from the lysosomal membrane, what would be the effect on a normal cell?|
|Throughout childhood, the thymus undergoes changes that result in only traces of thymictissue remaining after puberty. What type of cellular adaptation does this represent?|
|What is the key characteristic used to differentiate between Metastatic and Dystrophic Calcifications?|
|A 20‐year‐old active duty male presents to sick‐call for recurrent pain in his left heel. He states he has had recurrent Achilles tendon injuries from playing basketball all through high school. An x‐ray of the ankle reveals calcifications along the distal aspect of the Achilles tendon. Which type of intracellular adaptation is MOST LIKELY responsible for this finding?|
|What is the common pathogen associated with caseous necrosis?|