Bill of Rights & 27 amendments

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1st Amendment

protects basic civil liberties. freedom of religion,speech, and press

2nd Amendment

The right to bear arms

3rd Amendment

says that citizens cannot be forced to let soldiers stay in their homes during peacetime

4thAmendment

peoples right to privacy. No search without a warrant

5thAmendment

requires that an indictment, or official accusation, be issued before being held for a serious crime. Prevents double jeopardy. Guarantees due process of law

6th Amendment

guarantees the right to a "speedy and public trial"

7th Amendment

right to trial by jury

8th Amendment

limits the fines and punishments that the government can impose

9th Amendment

guarantees that rights are not denied to the people simply because they have not been mentioned in the Constitution

10th Amendment

Rights of the states. Reserved Rights

11th Amendment

says that citizens of another state or a foreign country cannot sue a state in federal court unless the state agrees to it.

12th Amendment

Electoral college reform

13th Amendment

abolishes slavery

14th Amendment

extends the rights of citizenship. It states that all persons born or naturalized in any of the United States are citizens of the United States. This was meant to protect African Americans

15th Amendment

states that citizens cannot be prevented from voting on the basis of race, color, or if the person had been a slave.

16th Amendment

gives Congress the power to impose a national income tax

17th Amendment

states that senators shall be elected directly by the people rather than state legislatures.

18th Amendment

Prohibition. It banned the manufacture,sale, or siopment of alcoholic beverages

19th Amendment

grants suffrage, or the right to vote, to women

20th Amendment

changes the day that the new president takes offices, from March 4 to Jan 20. States that Congress shall meet on Jan 3rd every year.

21st Amendment

repealed Prohibition (18th amendment)

22nd Amendment

Presidential term limits

23rd Amendment

gives the District of Columbia the right to have electors in the Electoral College.

24th Amendment

makes poll taxes, charges that need to be paid in order to vote, illegal.

25th Amendment

sets rules for who should succeed, or take the place of , the president if he or she is unable to perform the duties of the office

26th Amendment

extends the right to vote to 18 year olds

27th Amendment

states that pay raises for senators and representatives cannot take effect until after the next election for representatives is held.

Bill of Rights

First 10 amendments added in 1791

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