Chapter 1: An Introduction to the Structure and Function of the Body

75 terms by kellyelizabeth3 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

anatomy

study of an organism and its parts

physiology

study of the functions of those parts

pathology

study of diseases

levels of organization

chemical level
cellular level
tissues
organs
organ systems

chemical level

atoms/molevules

cellular level

cells-smallest living unit; billions in body

tissues

organization of similar cells that act togeth to perform a common function

organs

group of several kinds of tissues arranged to act to perform a specific function

organ systems

numerous kinds of organs arranged to perform complex functions for body

correct anatomical positioning

standing upright, feet together, arms at sides, palms facing front

3 planes that cut the body

transversal/horizontal plane
median/saggital plane
frontal/coronal plane

transversal/horizontal plane

upper/lower body

median/saggital plane

halves/left and right

frontal/coronal plane

front/back

anterior (ventral) vs. posterior (dorsal)

front vs. back

proximal vs. distal

towards the core vs. away from core

superior vs. inferior

above vs. below

medial vs. lateral

towards the midline vs. away from the midline

superficial vs. deep

external vs. internal

Two Major Cavities

dorsal and ventral

dorsal cavity

contains cranial cavity and spinal cavity

ventral cavity

contains thoracic, pleural, abdominopelvic

divisions of thoracic cavity

pleural (left and right) cavity
mediastinum

pleural cavity

lungs

mediastinum

trachea, heart, blood vessels

abdominal cavity

liver, GB, stomach, spleen, pancreas, small intestine, parts of large intestine

pelvic cavity

lower colon, rectum, urinary bladder, reproductive organs

cranial cavity

brain

spinal cavity

spinal chord

quadrants of abdominopelvic cavity

right hypochondriac; epigastric region; left hypochondriac region
right lumbar region; umbilical region; left lumbar region
right iliac region; hypogastric region; left iliac region

homeostasis

relative constancy of the internal environment

feed back loops

sensor
control center
effector

sensor

something that is detecting the change

control center

area that recognizes the change and initiates a correction (almost always the brain)

effector

controls the effect on the change

facial

face

frontal

forehead

nasal

nose

oral

mouth

orbital/opthalmic

eyes

zygomatic

upper cheek

abdominal

anterior torso below diaphragm

antecubital

depressed area just in front of the elbow

brachial

arm

carpal

wrist

cervical

neck

crural

leg

cutaneous

skin/body surface

dorsal

back

gluteal

buttock

lumbar

lower back between ribs and pelvis

occipital

back of lower skull

palmar

palm of hand

pelvic

lower portion of torso

plantar

sole of foot

supraclavicular

area above clavical

temporal

side of skull

umbilical

area around navel

antebrachial

forearm

axillary

armpit

buccal

cheek

cephalic

head

cranial

skull

cubital

elbow

digital

fingers/toes

femoral

thigh

inguinal

groin

mammary

breast

olecranal

back of elbow

pedal

foot

perineal

area between anas and genitals

popliteal

area behind knee

tarsal

ankle

thoracic

chest

volar

palm/sole

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set