Essential Computer Concepts

30 terms by its-me-chelsea

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Which one of the following would not be considered a PC?

Mainframe

The intangible components of a computer system, including the programs, are called:

Software

Keyboards, monitors, and printers are all examples of which of the following?

Peripheral devices

Which of the following is a pointing device that allows you to control the pointer by moving the entire device around on a desk?

Mouse

To display graphics, a computer needs a monitor and a(n):

Graphics card or processor

What part of the computer is responsible for executing instructions to process information?

Processor

What do you call each 1 or 0 used in the representation of computer data?

A bit

What is a megabyte?

About a million bytes

Which of the following temporarily stores data and programs while you are using them?

RAM (random access memory)

Which of the following permanently stores the set of instructions that the computer uses to activate the software that controls the processing function when you turn the computer on?

ROM

What do you call a named collection of data stored on a disk?

A file

Which of the following is not permanent storage media?

RAM

The transmission protocol between a computer and its peripheral devices is handled by a:

Driver

What telecommunication hardware is needed to convert digital signals to analog signals?

Modem

Which of the following acts as a locked door on a computer?

Firewall

Which of the following is not a function of an operating system?

Carries out a specific task for the user

Which one of the following is system software?

Microsoft Windows

________ are the technical details about each hardware component.

Specifications

The design and construction of the hardware of a particular computer is its ____________.

Architecture/configuration

A(n) _____ are removable circuit boards that are inserted into slots on the motherboard to expand the capabilities of the motherboard.

Card

_______ is similar to ROM except that it changes every time you add or remove hardware.

CMOS

A(n) _______ is magnetic storage media usually sealed in a case inside the computer.

Hard disk/drive

A(n) ______ is a display that while showing you the output, allows you to touch it with your finger or a stylus to input commands.

Touch screen

A printed copy of computer output is called _______.

Hardcopy

Each computer that is part of the network must have a(n) ______ installed to connect it to the network.

Network card

A computer on a network that acts as the central storage location for programs and data used on the network is a(n) ________.

Server

A program that tracks a user's internet usage without the user's permission is called ________.

Spyware

A(n) __________ is any part of the computer system, including memory, storage devices, and the microprocessor, that can be used by a computer program.

System resource

_________ is when you create a connection between source data and a copy of the data in a new file so that the copy updates every time a change is made to the source data.

Linking

When data, applications, and resources are stored on servers rather than on users' computers, it is referred to as ____________.

Cloud computing

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