Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Ottoman Empire
Great Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and later the US
Serbian president who started the civil war by trying to unite a "greater Serbia" and ethnically cleanse non Serbs (Bosnians)
Charles de Gaulle
French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970). First president of the French Fifth Republic.
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
after World War II, a period of political noncooperation between the members of NATO and the Warsaw Pact nations, during which these countries refused to trade or cooperate with each other.
a fee imposed a government on imported or exported goods.
a style of art that creates an impression of a scene rather than a strictly realistic picture.
ruled the USSR from 1958-1964; lessened government control of Soviet citizens; seek peaceful coexistence with the West instead of confrontation.
Europe Union (EU)
an economic and political grouping of countries in Western Europe.
(1958—present) New constitution put in place during Algerian crisis in France. Heavily in favor of the president (de Gaulle, at the time.)
a government ruled by a king or queen whose power is determined by the nation's constitution and laws.
material designed to spread certain beliefs.
This dictator was the leader of the Nazi Party. He believed that strong leadership was required to save Germanic society, which was at risk due to Jewish, socialist, democratic, and liberal forces
an economic system in which businesses and industries are owned collectively or by the government.
A Polish politician, a former trade union and human rights activist, and also a former electrician. He co-founded Solidarity, the Soviet bloc's first independent trade union, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983, and served as President of Poland from 1990 to 1995.
a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eastern Europe after World War II, restricting their ability to travel outside the region.
a political philosophy that promotes a strong, central government controlled by the military and led by a powerful dictator.
the organized killing of members of an ethnic group or groups.
Polish trade union created in 1980 to protest working conditions and political repression. It began the nationalist opposition to communist rule that led in 1989 to the fall of communism in eastern Europe.
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)