Where does digestion begin
Chewing of food
Who is at greatest risk for poor nutrition
Young and elderly
Carbs, fats, and protiens provide....
Reccomended weight loss is less than?
2 lbs per week
Using protein for energy is?
Eating a balanced diet provides?
The essential nutrients to carry out the body's normal physical functioning
Digestion and apsorption occur mainly in ?
The small intestine
Enteral Nutrition is for?
a patient who cant ingest food, but can digest and absorb food. Enteral nutrition protects intestinal structure and enhances immunity
Total Parenteral Nutrition is?
supplies essential nutrients through a concentrated nutrient solution adminstered in the superior vena cava.
What is the most important protein?
3 types of Carbs
Glucose, fructose, lactose
contractions of the GI Tract
Movement of the GI tract
When would you need 3x more protein?
disease process, wound healing
What vitamins can the body store?
A, D , E , and K
What is folic acid
B complex vitamin
Becomes a gel in water and delays GI transit time. Helps prevent diarreah in tube fed patients
Does not change in water and accelerates transit time. Ex. Fruits and veggies. Helpful in preventing constipation
Minerals are interactive with?
What is the primary fuel for the body?
What does the liver produce?
Insulin and glycogen
What is metabolism?
When nutrients are transported through the circulatory system
What does insulin do?
Breaks down and metabolizes glucose in the body.
Too much insulin
Too little insulin
Process of synthisyzing glucose from non carbohydrae sources
starts at 2 years old
What are anthropometric measures?
Height, weight and BMI
What is tested during an albumin and prealbumin test?
Protein and fat
White cell count is up ?
White cell count is down?
Weight loss marked by loss of adipose tissue. Usually associated with severe illness.
Difficulty swallowing ( aspiration risk)
Mechanical Alteration diets ?
Soft, puree, thickened.
When should the head of bead be at 90 degrees?
For a person with dysphagia, while eating, and 30 min after. Chin tuck position .
Takes out, decompression, evacuaction
Instilling (ex. feeding or medications)
Funnels food directly to stomach, reduces risk of aspiration
Funnels fod directly into jejunum
through nose into stomach. Watch nares for irritaion of excorication. High risk for reflux and aspiration
through nose, ends in small intestine below pyloric sphincter. Less risk of reflux or aspiration. Uses smaller diameter tube with weighted bottom and guide wire.
What is the GOLD STANDARD to check tube placement?