5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- genetic code
- independent assortment
- a A set of correspondences between nucleotide triplets in RNA and amino acids in protein.
- b (1) The process that produces a gene or a chromosome set differing from that of the wild type. (2) The gene or chromosome set that results from such a process.
- c A pair of sister chromatids joined at the centromere, as in the first division of meiosis.
- d The occurrence in a population (or among populations) of several phenotypic forms associated with alleles of one gene or homologs of one chromosome.
- e See Mendel's second law.
5 Multiple choice questions
- An attribute of individual members of a species for which various heritable differences can be defined.
- The cloning and molecular characterization of entire genomes.
- (1) In general, any process in a diploid or partly diploid cell that generates new gene or chromosomal combinations not previously found in that cell or in its progenitors. (2) At meiosis, the process that generates a haploid product of meiosis whose genotype is different from either of the two haploid genotypes that constituted the meiotic diploid.
- An RNA type that plays a role without being translated
- A cell formed by the fusion of an egg and a sperm; the unique diploid cell that will divide mitotically to create a differentiated diploid organism.
5 True/False questions
self → To fertilize eggs with sperms from the same individual.
guanine (G) → A purine base that pairs with cytosine.
sex chromosome → The location of a gene on a sex chromosome.
testcross → An individual organism homozygous for one or more recessive alleles; used in a testcross.
homolog → A cell having one chromosome set or an organism composed of such cells.