5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- a The tip, or end, of a chromosome.
- b The fundamental physical and functional unit of heredity, which carries information from one generation to the next; a segment of DNA composed of a transcribed region and a regulatory sequence that makes transcription possible.
- c The allelic composition of an individual or of a cell—either of the entire genome or, more commonly, of a certain gene or a set of genes.
- d A section of RNA (three nucleotides in length) that encodes a single amino acid
- e A type of basic protein that forms the unit around which DNA is coiled in the nucleosomes of eukaryotic chromosomes.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A chain of linked nucleotides (having deoxyribose as their sugars). Two such chains in double helical form are the fundamental substance of which genes are composed.
- The location of a gene on a sex chromosome.
- A type of nuclear division (occurring at cell division) that produces two daughter nuclei identical with the parent nucleus.
- The differential rate of reproduction of different types in a population as the result of different physiological, anatomical, or behavioral characteristics of the types.
- A purine base that pairs with cytosine.
5 True/False questions
model organism → A polymorphism with only two forms.
zygote → An individual organism that is homozygous.
trait → A cell formed by the fusion of an egg and a sperm; the unique diploid cell that will divide mitotically to create a differentiated diploid organism.
homolog → A member of a pair of homologous chromosomes.
cross → A type of nuclear division (occurring at cell division) that produces two daughter nuclei identical with the parent nucleus.