5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- chi-square (χ2) test
- mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)
- heterogametic sex
- cytoplasmic segregation
- a A statistical test used to determine the probability of obtaining observed proportions by chance, under a specific hypothesis.
- b The sex that has heteromorphic sex chromosomes (e.g., XY) and hence produces two different kinds of gametes with respect to the sex chromosomes.
- c The allelic composition of an individual or of a cell—either of the entire genome or, more commonly, of a certain gene or a set of genes.
- d The subset of the genome found in the mitochondrion, specializing in providing some of the organelle's functions
- e Segregation in which genetically different daughter cells arise from a progenitor that is a cytohet.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A double heterozygote such as A/a · B/b.
- A type of uniparental inheritance in which all progeny have the genotype and phenotype of the parent acting as the female.
- A section of RNA (three nucleotides in length) that encodes a single amino acid
- To fertilize eggs with sperms from the same individual.
- A cell in which meiosis takes place.
5 True/False questions
genome → The entire complement of genetic material in a chromosome set.
heterozygous gene pair → A gene present in only one copy in a diploid organism—for example, an X-linked gene in a male mammal.
gene discovery → The process whereby geneticists find a set of genes affecting some biological process of interest by the single-gene inheritance patterns of their mutant alleles or by genomic analysis.
polymerase chain reaction (PCR) → The two strains or individual organisms that constitute the start of a genetic breeding experiment; their progeny constitute the F1 generation.
gene → The entire complement of genetic material in a chromosome set.