5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- cytoplasmic segregation
- a (1) The study of genes. (2) The study of inheritance.
- b Segregation in which genetically different daughter cells arise from a progenitor that is a cytohet.
- c Refers to a small specialized fraction of eukaryotic genomes found in mitochondria or chloroplasts.
- d An organism or cell carrying a mutation.
- e The fundamental physical and functional unit of heredity, which carries information from one generation to the next; a segment of DNA composed of a transcribed region and a regulatory sequence that makes transcription possible.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The entire complement of genetic material in a chromosome set.
- A population of individuals all bearing the identical fully homozygous genotype.
- The two copies of a particular type of gene present in a diploid cell (one in each chromosome set).
- A chain of linked nucleotides (having deoxyribose as their sugars). Two such chains in double helical form are the fundamental substance of which genes are composed.
- A cell having two chromosome sets or an individual organism having two chromosome sets in each of its cells.
5 True/False Questions
codon: → A section of RNA (three nucleotides in length) that encodes a single amino acid
molecular marker → A site of DNA heterozygosity, not necessarily associated with phenotypic variation, used as a tag for a particular chromosomal locus.
forward genetics: → The maleness gene, residing on the Y chromosome.
DNA clone: → A cell having two chromosome sets or an individual organism having two chromosome sets in each of its cells.
translation → The synthesis of RNA from a DNA template.