The distance north and south of the Equator
line of latitude at 0 degrees latitude
South and North Poles
North 90 degrees North
and South 90 degrees South
Covers about 69 miles.
The distance east and west of the Prime Meridian
The Line of Longitude that runs through Greenwich, England is considered 0 degrees or the prime meridian
The International Date Line
Measures 180 degrees.
Lines Of Longitude
Measure less closer to the poles
Latitude is wrote before Longitude.
Tropic Of Cancer
23 degrees North (26')
Tropic Of Capricorn
23 degrees South (26')
66 degrees North (33')
66 degrees South (33')
ways to map earth on a flat surface
Show natural features
Show political units: Countries, States, may show capitals or centers of Government and Major Cities
The Equal Area Projection
Shows the correct size of land masses. But the shapes are distorted
The Robinson Projection
Shows nearly the correct size and shape of most land areas. But even it has distortion especially in the areas around the edges of the map.
The Mercator Projection
Shows correct shapes and directions but not true distances or sizes. Makes poles bigger than they are.
We have Time Zones because the earth rotates
March (About the 21st)-Sun is directly overhead at noon on the equator. Axis is tilted neither away or toward the sun
September(About the 23rd)-Sun is again directly overhead at noon on the equator
December(About 21st)- South pole is closest to the sun.
Lack of sunlight brings winter to the northern hemisphere
June(About the 21st)-North pole is tilted closest to the sun. Brings summer to the northern hemisphere
the condition of the air and sky at a certain time
the average weather of a place over many years
A measure of how cold or hot the air is