The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning; meaning usually deals with moral truth or a generalization about human existence
A similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them; can explaion something unfamiliar by associating it with, or pointing out its similarity to, something more familiar; can make writing more vivid, imaginative, and intellectually engaging
A representation, especially pictorial or literary, in which the subject's distinctive features or peculiarities are deliberately exaggerated to produce a comic or grotesque efect; can be so exaggerated that it becomes a grotesque imitation or misrepresentation
A figure of speech based on inverted parallelism; a rhetorical figure in which two clauses are related to each other through a reversal of terms; purpose is to make a larger point or to provide balance or order
A device used to produce figurative language. Many compare dissimilar things. Include apostrophe, hyperbole, irony, metaphor, metonymy, oxymoron, paradox, personification, simile, synecdoche, and understatement.