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Grave

Very slow, ponderous and solemn

Largo

Slow and broad

Larghetto, Lento

Slowly

Adagio

Slow and leisurely

Andante

Moderately slow and flowing

Andantino

Slightly faster than Andante

Moderato

Moderately

Allegretto

Moderately fast

Allegro

Fast and lively

Vivace

Very fast, vivaciously

Presto

Extremely fast

Morendo

Dying away

Perdendosi

Dying away in sound and speed

Ritenuto

Hold back at a slower speed

A Tempo

Used to "resume original tempo"

Tempo Primo

Tempo same as the beginning

Ad Libitum

At Liberty

Agitato

Agitated

Alla Marcia

In a march style

Animato

More animated

Appassionato

With passion

Bravura

With boldness and spirit

Brillante

Brilliant and sparkling

Cantabile

In a singing style

Dolce

Sweetly

Espressivo

Expressively

Giocoso

Playfully, gaily

Grandioso

With grandeur

Grazioso

Gracefully, elegantly

Legato

Smooth and connected

Maestoso

Majestic, dignified

Marcato

Marked with emphasis

Pomposo

Pompously and dignified

Scherzando

Playful, jestingly

Sostenuto

Sustained

Tranquillo

Quietly

Accidentals

Sharps, flats and naturals not in the key signature

Arpeggio

Notes of a chord played separately

Attacca

Continue with little or no pause

Cadenza

A solo passage played with freedom

Divisi

Divided parts

Embouchure

Mouth muscles used in controlling the tone of a wind instrument

Enharmonic

Same in pitch but different notation

Fine

Finish, the end

L'istesso

The same

Loco

As written

Molto

Very, much

Mosso

More

Opus

A musical work

Poco a poco

Little by little

Quasi

In the style of

Segue

Proceed in the same style

Senza

Without

Simile

Play in a similar manner

Subito

Suddenly, without pause

Syncopation

When the accent falls on the weak beats

Tacet

Be silent, don't play

Tutti

All together

Pianissimo

Very soft

Piano

Soft

Mezzo Piano

Moderately soft

Mezzo Forte

Moderately loud

Forte

Loud

Fortissimo

Very loud

Sforzando

Played with sudden force

Crescendo

Gradually louder

Diminuendo

Gradually softer

Decrescendo

Gradually softer

Ritardando

Gradually slower and slower

Rallentando

Gradually slower

Accelerando

Gradually faster

Da Capo

Back to the beginning

Dal Segno

Back to the sign

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