Biology 2: Biochemistry
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smistry Plus on September 1, 2011
All the vocabulary words for the following lectures: Chemistry of Life, Biomolecules, Special Biomolecules
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describes a molecule in which the positive and negative charges are separated
a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative)
a substance on which an enzyme acts during a chemical reaction
specialized proteins that speed up chemical reactions
|catalyst||substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction|
|hydrogen bond|| |
weak chemical bond formed by the attraction of positively charged hydrogen atoms to other negatively charged atoms
an attraction between molecules of the same substance
an attraction between molecules of different substances
small unit that can join together with other small units to form polymers
a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
|dehydration synthesis|| |
A chemical reaction in which two molecules covalently bond to each other with the removal of a water molecule.
A chemical process that lyses, or splits, molecules by the addition of water; an essential process in digestion.
|nucleic acid|| |
A polymer (polynucleotide) consisting of many nucleotide monomers; serves as a blueprint for proteins and, through the actions of proteins, for all cellular activities. The two major types are DNA and RNA.
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base
an organic compound that is made of one or more chains of amino acids and that is a principal component of all cells
|amino acid|| |
basic building blocks of protein molecules
|peptide bond|| |
covalent bond formed between amino acids
|active site||the part of an enzyme or antibody where the chemical reaction occurs; where substrate attaches to enzyme|