Names and Formulas of Some Common Molecular Compounds and Ions

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Taken from tables 2-1 and 2-2 of the Eighth Edition Chemistry book by Whitten, Davis, Peck, and Stanley. ISBN-13: 978-0-495-01196-5 ISBN-10: 0-495-01196-7

Water

H₂O

Hydrogen Peroxide

H₂O₂

Hydrogen Chloride

HCl

Sulfuric Acid

H₂SO₄

Nitric Acid

HNO₃

Acetic Acid

CH₃COOH

Ammonia

NH₃

Sulfur Dioxide

SO₂

Sulfur Trioxide

SO₃

Carbon Monoxide

CO

Carbon Dioxide

CO₂

Methane

CH₄

Ethane

C₂H₆

Propane

C₃H₈

Butane

C₄H₁₀

Pentane

C₅H₁₂

Benzene

C₆H₆

Methanol (Methyl Alcohol)

CH₃OH

Ethanol (Ethyl Alcohol)

CH₃CH₂OH

Acetone

CH₃COCH₃

Diethyl Ether (Ether)

CH₃CH₂OCH₂CH₃

Lithium

Li⁺

Sodium

Na⁺

Potassium

K⁺

Ammonium

NH₄⁺

Silver

Ag⁺

Magnesium

Mg²⁺

Calcium

Ca²⁺

Zinc

Zn²⁺

Copper (I)

Cu⁺

Copper (II)

Cu²⁺

Iron (II)

Fe²⁺

Iron (III)

Fe³⁺

Aluminum

Al³⁺

Fluoride

F⁻

Chloride

Cl⁻

Bromide

Br⁻

Iodide

I⁻

Hydroxide

OH⁻

Acetate

CH₃COO⁻

Nitrate

NO₃⁻

Oxide

O²⁻

Sulfide

S²⁻

Sulfate

SO₄²⁻

Sulfite

SO₃²⁻

Carbonate

CO₃²⁻

Phosphate

PO₄³⁻

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