Extended ,Aristotle's belief in dualism, said that human action is freely decided, argued in favor of free wil
Strong believer of dualism, mind and body, a soul.
Believed empiricism to be very important for the scientific method.
The most articulate proponent of dualism. "Cogito ergo sum" I think, therefore I am. Relationship between body and soul is a conflict.
Gustave Feodor Fechner
1860, his book, believed that matter and mind must be related.
a physician in Imperial Rome, emphasized usefulness and effectiveness of better the parts and processes of human anatomy. Imabalnces fo bodily humors... too much blood= happiness.
Franz Joseph Gall
Popularized phrenology (inferring one's character from the shape of your skull).
Hermann von Helmholtz
One of Muller's students, rejected vitalism and believed in a mechanistic explanation of behavior in terms of the physical and chemical processes of the nervous systems.
rejected mystical superstitious explanations for bodily processes, he argued they were natural processes.
Published Principles of Psychology in 1890, considered the first text in psychology, referred to as the father or fonder of American Psychology.
Johann Kaspar Lavater
Popularized Physiognomy, reading one's characters in physical features.
Believed empiricism to be the base of all knowledge. Also believed that people are born as a tabula rasa,blank slate.
Notable humanistic psychologist.
Established the first institute for the study of physiology in Berlin. Mechanistic view of human nature
Published Cognitive Psychology in 1967, and landmark book.
Famous Humanistic psychologist.
Behaviorist, professor at harvard university.
wundt's student. emphasized the study of sensations as the building blocks of the content of consciousness
Father of behaviorism. Rats and maze experiment.
Ernst Heinrich von Weber
famous for weber's law; the ability to detect change ina stimulus depends on the magnitude of that stimulus. ( what's more noticeable 5 pounds less in a fat lady or in an anorexic woman?)
founded the first laboratory for the scientific study of in 1879. EMployed the technique, introspection.
german word, means shape or form, gestalt psychologists on germany studied perceptual phenomena, stress the importance of the concept as a whole.
stimulus-response consequence patterns
study of the biological bases of behavior, usually concentration on the nervous system
people's perception, transformation, representation, processing, storage and retrieval of information.
emphasize the uniqueness and autonomy of the individual
Based on the work of Freud, emotions are interpreted as the consequence or expression of these internal struggles.
focuses on the functional development of the mind, in the context of (social) environment. (how the mind evolves as the result of pressures in the environment.)
how thinking and behavior vary across cultures and in different situations.
the study of mental events and processes
NO mind or soul. Plato was a strong believer.
products of psychological processes must serve some function, or they would be changed or lost. Ex. SMiling around the world...
Argues that all of reality exists only in the mind.
the single nature of reality is matter, or the laws of mechanics.
Dualistic man has a mind that is separate from his body. Aristotle is a strong believer. Soul is the animator, rational souls.
present conditions can be understood if one examines past influences.
The reliance on the evidence of one's sensory experiences.
the belief that all human beings are animated by a life force.
psychological experience is better understood only when the content of that experience has been analyzed and identified.
perspective in psychology that emphasizes the need to study only what is observable.
relationship between physiological processes and psychological experience, focused on the functioning of the senses, especially sight, sound and touch.
a discipline focused on the relationship between the physical and environmental changes and the sensory processes that they trigger