In moral development, the process of adopting societal standards for right actions as one's own.
A type of discipline in which the adult helps make the child aware of others' feelings by pointing out the effects of the child's misbehaviour on others, noting especially their distress and making clear that the child caused it.
Sociomoral Reflection Measure-Short Form (SRM-SF)Time out
A short-answer questionnaire that assesses moral understanding by asking individuals to rate the importance of moral values posed by 11 brief questions and to write a brief explanation of their ratings. More efficient than Kohlberg's Moral Judgment Interview.
In moral development, the process of actively attending to and interrelating multiple perspectives on situations in which social conflicts arise and thereby attaining new moral understandings.
Piaget's second stage of moral development, in which children view rules as flexible, socially agreed-on principles that can be revised to suit the will of the majority.
Piaget's first stage of moral development, in which children view rules as handed down by authorities, as having a permanent existence, as unchangeable, and as requiring strict obedience.
A standard of fairness based on mutuality of expectations, as expressed in the Golden Rule: "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you".
Moral Judgement Interview
A clinical interview procedure for assessing moral understanding in which individuals resolve hypothetical dilemmas that present conflicts between two moral values and justify their decisions.
Customs, such as table manners and rituals of social interaction, that are determined solely by consensus. Distinguished from moral imperatives and matters of personal choice.
Kohlberg's second level of moral development, in which moral understanding is based on conforming to social rules to ensure positive human relationships and maintain societal order.
Kohlberg's first level of moral development, in which morality is externally controlled - based on rewards, punishments, and the power of authority figures.
Kohlberg's highest level of moral development, in which individuals define morality in terms of abstract principles and values that apply to all situations and societies.
The degree to which mortality is central to an individual's self-concept.
Matters of personal choice
Concerns that do not violate rights or others' welfare and are up to the individual. Distinguished from moral imperatives and social conventions.
Standards that protect peoples' rights and welfare. Distinguished from social conventions and matters of personal choice.
A form of reactive aggression that damages another's peer relationships though social exclusion, malicious gossip, or friendship manipulation. Distinguished from physical aggression and verbal aggression.
Beliefs about how to divide material goods fairly.
Voluntary obedience to adult requests and commands.
Delay of gratification
Ability to wait for an appropriate time and place to engage in a tempting act.
The ability to monitor one's own conduct, constantly adjusting it as circumstances present opportunities to violate inner standards.
A form of reactive aggression that harms others through physical injury to themselves or their property. Distinguished from verbal aggression and relational aggression.
Aggression in which children act to fulfil a need or desire - obtain an object, privilege, space or social reward - and unemotionally attack a person to achieve their goal. Also called instrumental aggression. Distinguished from reactive aggression.
An angry, defensive response to a provocation or a blocked goal; intended to hurt another person. Also called hostile aggression. Distinguished from proactive aggression.
In Piaget's heteronomous stage of moral development, the child's tendency to view rules, like other mental phenomena, as fixed external features of reality rather than as cooperative principles that can be modified at will.
A form of reactive aggression that harms others through threats of physical aggression, name-calling, or hostile teasing. Distinguished from physical aggression and relational aggression.