NUR 101 (UNIT 1) CH 3 Health and Illness

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NUR 101 Fundamentals CCTC Fall 2011

Acute illness

rapidly occurring illness that runs its course, allowing the person to return to his or her previous level of functioning

Chronic illness

irreversible illness that causes permanent physical impairment and requires long-term healthcare

Disease

pathologic change in the structure or function of the body or mind

Exacerbation

period in chronic illness when the symptoms of the disease reappear

Health

state of optimal functioning or well-being

Health promotion

behavior of an individual motivated by a personal desire to increase well-being and health potential

Holistic healthcare

healthcare that takes into account the whole person interacting in the environment

Illness

abnormal process in which any aspect of the person's functioning is altered

Morbidity

frequency that a disease occurs

Mortality

number of deaths

Remission

period in a chronic illness when the disease is present, but the person does not experience symptoms of the disease

Risk factor

something that increases a person's chance for illness or injury

Wellness

an active process in which an individual progresses toward the maximum possible potential, regardless of his or her current state of health

Physical Dimension

Human dimension including genetic inheritance, age, developmental level, race, and gender

Emotional Dimension

Human dimension affected by stress, anxiety, relaxation, etc.

Intellectual Dimension

Human dimension including cognitive abilities, educational background, past experiences

Environmental Dimension

Human dimension influenced by housing, sanitation, climate, pollution of air, food and water

Sociocultural Dimension

Human dimension influenced by a person's economic level, lifestyle, family, and culture

Spiritual Dimension

Human dimension - understanding and respect for spiritual beliefs

Human Needs

Includes Physiological, safety & security, love & belonging, self-esteem, and self-actualization

Primary health promotion

Directed toward promoting health and preventing the development of disease processes or injury

Secondary health promotion

Focus on Screening for early detection of disease with prompt diagnosis and treatment

Tertiary health promotion

begins after the illness is diagnosed and treated to reduce disability and to help rehabilitate patients to maximum level of functioning.

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