early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind
a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function- how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research agree with 1 but not 2.
historically significan perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth.
the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language)
the science of behavior and mental process
the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and hehaviors. Today's science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature and nurture.
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations.
levels of analysis
the differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon
an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-culture levels of analysis
how the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences
how the natural selection of traits promoted the survival of tenes
how much our genes and our environment influence our individual differences
how behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts
how we learn observable responses
how we encode, process, store, and retrieve information
how behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (school, marriage, work, etc.) and in achieving greater well-being
a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders
a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical treatment as well as psychological therapy.
established the first psychology lab at University of Leipxig, Germany
Edward Bradford Titchener
used introspection to search for the mind's structural elements
William James and Mary Whiton Calkins
pioneering memory researchers/1st woman to be president of the APA
Margaret Floy Washburn
first woman to receive a Ph.D. in psychology, and synthesized animal behavior research in The Animal Mind.
personality therorist and therapist who's controversial ideas have influenced humanity's self-understanding
John B. Watson and Rosalie Rayner
with help from Rayner, Watson championed psychology as the science of behavior and demonstrated conditioned responses on a baby who became famous as "Little Albert"
leadeing behaviorist who rejected introspection and studied how consequences shape behavior
argued that natural selection shapes behaviors as well as bodies