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"Geometric Krater (Dipylon) "
Creator(s): Geometric Period, Greek
Date: 740 BCE
Medium: black slip and clay '
Location: Cemetery in Athens, Greece
--kraters were usually used for mixing water and wine. This on was found in a cemetery with a hole in the bottom, suggesting it may have been used to give offerings.

Figures appear in black

Black Figure Techniques

Figures appear in red

Red Figure Technique

Title: "Kouros"
Creator(s): Archaic Period, Greek
Date: ca. 600 BCE
Medium: marble
Size: 6 feet tall
Location: Athens, Greece
--there were many kouros figures
--not sure what they represented (maybe a soldier or athlete)
--combo of Minoan and Egyptian art

Similarities
-stiff stance
-clenched hands
-no distinct facial features
-one foot forward

Differences
-Greeks don't follow Egyptian cannon of proportions
-"Kouros" has a cinched waist
-"Kouros is open form, but "Menkaure and Wife" is closed

Compare and contrast "Kouros" with "Menkaure and Wife"

-cinched waist
-men were darker than women since they worked outside
-braided hair
-naturalistic figures

How were Greek figures portrayed?

Nudity in Egyptian art was associated with defeat (enemies were depicted nude); however, nudity in Greek art portrayed figures in the most naturalistic human form.

Nudity in Egyptian art vs. Greek art

-"Kroisis"
-created 70 years after Kouros
-muscles and facial features are more defined (archaic smile)
-defined rib cage suggests breathing

Title: "Doryphorus "
Creator(s): Polykleitos
Date:ca.450-400 BCE High Classical Period, Greek Medium: marble
Size: 6 feet tall
Location: Athens, Greece
--sculpted in the round
--uses contrapposto, symmetria, and rhythmos

sculpted to the full (you can walk around it and see the back of the figure)

Sculpted in the round

-counter balance
-a casual stance
-shifting weight to one side

Contrapposto

-symmetry
-balancing different parts of the body

Symmetria

-rhythem
-a sense of pending movement

Rhythmos

Title: Parthenon
Creator(s): Iktinos and Kallikrates
Date: 447 - 438 BCE High Classical Period Medium: pantelic marble
Location: Acropolis in Athens, Greece
--a Doric temple with Ionic elements and linear refinements
--held the treasury of the Delian League
--Statue of Athens stood here

-composed of leaders from different city states
-made sure there was a military...meant there were taxes. This revenue was held in the Parthenon, which was built after Xerxes destroyed the Acropolis.

Delian League

-series of columns that surrounded the cella
-found in the Parthenon

Peristyle

-the space or porch in front of the cella
-found in the Parthenon

Pronaos

-chamber at the center of the temple
-the cult statue would be here
-found in the Parthenon

Cella (naos)

-Doric
-Ionic
-Corinthian

3 types of columns

-curved stylobate: the steps are curved (but look flat)
-entasis: swelling in the columns towards the bottom
-inclined columns: the columns are not parallel

Linear refinement in the Parthenon

-drapery that appears to be wet
-shows off the human form

Wet Drapery

Title: "Battle of Issus"
Creator(s): Philoxenos of Eretia
Date: 310 BCE Hellenistic / Late Classical Period Medium: mosaic
Location: Pompeii, Italy
--artist pays attention to small detail, but not in the backgroud
--uses foreshortening (the horse)
--Alexander the Great is shown as head-strong by wearing less armor

Small bits of material pieced together to make an image

Mosaic

When a figure appears to be projecting toward or away from the viewer

Foreshortening

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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