Chapter 3 - Weather and Climate

24 terms by alexandertardo 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Chapter 3

weather

the condition of the atmosphere at a given time and place

climate

weather conditions in a region over a long time

temperature

measurement of heat

greenhouse effect

the process in which Earth's atmosphere traps heat energy

global warming

the process in which Earth grows warmer over a period of time

cyclones

winds around centers of low atmospheric pressure

prevailing winds

winds that blow in the same direction most of the time

doldrums

areas with no prevailing winds

front

zone of contact between two air masses of widely different temperatures or moisture level

evaporation

process by which liquid changes to gas

humidity

the amount of water vapor in the air

condensation

the process by which water vapor changes from a gas into liquid droplets

orographic effect

cooling effect that occurs wen air is forced to rise over a mountain, resulting in a weather windward side and a drier leeward side

rain shadow

a drier area on the leeward side of a mountain range

tornadoes

violent twisting spirals of air

hurricanes

the most powerful and destructive tropical cyclones

typhoons

the term for hurricanes in the western Pacific Ocean

ecosystems

communities of plants and animals

monsoon

a wind system in which winds reverse direction and cause seasons of wet and dry weather

savannas

areas of tropical grasslands, scattered trees, and shrubs

deciduous forests

forests made up of trees that lose their leaves during part of the year

coniferous forests

forests of cone-bearing evergreen trees

permafrost

permanently frozen soil below the ground's surface

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set