What does the word Renaissance mean?
What ancient, classical cultures did Humanists study?
Greek and Roman.
What did Leonardo Da Vinci accomplish?
He was a successful and famous painter, scientist, inventor, and architect.
What did William Shakespeare accomplish?
He was a successful and famous poet and playwright.
Which invention helped spread Renaissance and Reformation ideas? Who invented it?
The printing press with moveable type, invented by Guttenberg .
What was the Reformation?
A 16th century Christian reform movement against the Roman Catholic Church started by Martin Luther.
Why were people angry with the Catholic Church?
Because of the Catholic Church's practices of indulgences, simony, the pope's infallible authority
What is an indulgence?
A pardon (or forgiveness) for a sin that was bought from a priest.
Who were the Hapsburgs?
A rich and politically powerful 17th century Catholic family in Bohemia. Emperor Ferdinand II was their leader.
Who started the Anglican Church in England?
King Henry VIII.
Edict of Nantes
A declaration of religious toleration issued by French King Henry of Navarre in 1598.
Thirty Years' War
A conflict over religion, territory, and power between the powerful families of Europe from 1618 - 1648.
economic system based on private ownership and investment for profit
Catholic Counter Reformation
The Catholic Church's response to the Protestant Reformation in which it tried to reform itself.
A Roman Catholic religious order founded by Ignatius Loyola
Group of priests who investigated and punished heresy (disagreement with Catholic Church teachings)
Econimic system in which countries try to increase their wealth in two ways: (1) Obtain as much gold and silver as possible; (2) Sell more goods than they buy.
Business in which investors pool their money for a common purpose and then share the profits.
Expansion of trade and business in 16th and 17th century Europe.
Major change in scientific thought during the 16th century which believed careful observation and questioning of tradition were important.
Polish scientist who devised the heliocentric (sun-centered) theory of the solar system.
Danish scientist who mathematically proved that planets move in elliptical (egg-shaped) orbits around the sun.
Italian scientist who invented the telescope and was put on trial by the Catholic Church for supporting Copernicus's heliocentric (sun-centered) theory of the solar system.
English scientist known for explaining the Law of Gravity and combining the scientific breakthroughs of Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo.
English scientist who studied blood circulation, the function of blood vessels.
Eighteenth century scientific movement in which the principles of reason and the scientific method were applied to all aspects of society.
Father of Humanism
Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, and poet whose works glorified the human body.
Christian Humanist during the Reformation
Renaissance movement whose followers studied classical (Greek/Roman) texts and focused on human achievements and potential.